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POLITICS

Gist of document on direction of security legislation

  • 2015-03-19 15:00:00
  • , Yomiuri
  • Translation

(Yomiuri: March 19, 2015 – p. 4)

 

 The following is the gist of the document entitled “Regarding the Concrete Direction of the Development of Security Legislation”:

 

 Basic principles

 

 Appropriate decisions on the Self-Defense Forces’ (SDF) participation in overseas missions will be made according to the following principles: (1) legitimacy under international law; (2) the Diet’s involvement and democratic control will be ensured; and (3) necessary measures shall be taken to ensure the safety of SDF members.

 

 Response to intrusions short of actual armed attacks

 

 The SDF’s protection of weapons used by the U.S. forces in operations for the defense of Japan shall be authorized.

 

 Protection of weapons of armed forces of countries other than the U.S. shall also be subject to consideration for legislation based on the following conditions:

 

 

(1) These weapons are recognized to be used for the defense of Japan.

 

 

(2) They are deemed to be an important material component of Japan’s defense capability.

 

 Logistic support for foreign troops engaged in operations for Japan’s peace and security

 

 The objectives of the law on contingencies in Japan’s periphery shall be reviewed in order to clarify the direction of legal amendments, and necessary revisions shall be considered with regard to support for the U.S. forces and armed forces of other countries in situations that will have a critical impact on Japan’s peace and security.

 

 Legal amendments shall be premised on the following:

 

(1) A scheme to prevent SDF operations from becoming part of other countries’ use of force shall be put in place.

 

 

(2) Prior approval by the Diet will be required in principle.

 

 Greater contribution to the peace and security of the international community

 

 

(1) Logistic support for foreign forces engaged in operations for the peace and security of the international community (new law to be considered)

 

Legislation to enable the SDF to provide logistic support to foreign forces engaged in operations for the peace and security of the international community shall be considered on the following conditions:

 

 

1 A scheme to prevent SDF operations from becoming part of other countries’ use of force shall be put in place.

 

 

2 Such operations must be based on a UN resolution or a related UN resolution must exist.

 

 

3 Prior approval by the Diet will be required in principle.

 

 

4 Necessary measures shall be taken to ensure the safety of SDF members.

 

(2) Implementation of cooperation for international peace

 

Authorization of the use of weapons necessary for the expansion of peacekeeping operations (PKO) and legitimate operational needs shall be reviewed.

 

 

Legislation regarding participation in international peace cooperation operations, such as non-UN humanitarian and reconstruction aid or security operations, shall be considered based on the following premises:

 

 

1 Participation shall be on a restricted basis comparable to the five principles of PKO participation.

 

 

2 Such operations must be based on a UN resolution or a related UN resolution must exist.

 

 

3 Prior approval by the Diet will be required in principle.

 

 

4 Necessary measures shall be taken to ensure the safety of SDF members.

 

 Self-defense measures authorized by Article 9 of the Constitution

 

 Legal provisions regarding self-defense measures authorized by Article 9 of the Constitution shall accurately reflect the cabinet decision, as well as the government’s thinking as clarified in subsequent Diet interpellations, and the “three new conditions [for the use of force].” Legislation shall be based on the following policy direction:

 

(1) The law on response to contingencies shall stipulate the terms and definition of new situations where the “use of force” under the “three new conditions” may be authorized.

 

(2) The SDF’s actions and use of force in response to the new situations shall be based on Articles 76 and 88 of the SDF Law.

 

 

(3) Prior Diet approval will be required in principle for issuing mobilization orders to the SDF for defense operations.

 

 Legal revisions regarding other related matters

 

 

(1) Legislation on ship inspection operations required for the peace and security of the international community shall be considered.

 

(2) Legislation to enable the provision of goods and services in areas where there are specific needs in terms of information collection, observation and surveillance, and so forth in situations of possible joint operations between the SDF and the U.S. forces shall be considered.

 

 

(3) Legislation to enable the rescue of Japanese nationals overseas with the consent of the territorial state shall be considered on the following conditions:

 

 

1 Operations shall be within the scope of the consent of the territorial state, i.e. within the scope of its political control.

 

 

2 The prime minister’s approval will be required as part of deployment procedures.

 

 

3 Steps shall be taken to ensure the safety of such operations, including the safety of Japanese nationals overseas.

 

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