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COP21: Japan’s global warming countermeasures to date

  • 2015-11-25 15:00:00
  • , Mainichi
  • Translation

(Mainichi: November 25, 2015 – p. 13)

 

 What role has Japan played in global warming countermeasures so far?

 

 According to the International Energy Agency, Japan produced 4% of world CO2 emissions in 2012. That is low compared to the United States and China, but it still makes Japan the fifth largest emitter in the world. The U.S. and China do not have mandatory obligations to reduce CO2 emissions. Seeing that as a problem, Japan has insisted for many years that a “fair and effective framework in which all countries participate” be created.

 

 Japan achieved the “6% reduction of greenhouse gases compared to 1990 levels over the period from 2008 to 2012” that was mandatory under the Kyoto Protocol. However, Japan has not participated in the Kyoto Protocol since 2013 and is [currently] not undertaking international obligations to reduce [emissions].

 

 In 2012, Japan’s Cabinet passed a resolution setting the long-term target of “cutting emissions by 80% by 2050 [compared with 1990 levels].” The goal since 2013 has been a “3.8% reduction by 2020 compared to 2005 levels.” With an eye on the new framework, Japan set the target of a “26% reduction by 2030 compared to 2013 levels.”

 

 Regarding assistance to developing nations, Japan contributed about $20 billion – combined total of the public and private sector – over the two-year period of 2013 and 2014. To help developing countries respond to climate change, Japan also announced it will contribute $1.5 billion to the Green Climate Fund, a fund established at COP16. Thus, Japan is playing a role to a certain extent as a developed country. (Abridged)

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