print PRINT

POLITICS

Opinion poll & results from Mainichi Shimbun

  • 2015-12-29 15:00:00
  • , Mainichi
  • Translation

(Mainichi: December 23, 2015 – p. 26–27)

 

 Questions & answers (% except where indicated)

 (T = total; P = previous; M = male; F = female)

 

 Q: Are you satisfied with your current life?

 

T

P

M

F

Very satisfied

4

(7)

5

4

Somewhat satisfied

58

(58)

55

61

Not very satisfied

29

(28)

32

27

Not satisfied at all

8

(7)

8

8

 Q: How happy are you currently?

 

T

P

M

F

Very happy

9

(12)

7

11

Somewhat happy

66

(64)

65

67

Not very happy

21

(20)

24

18

Not happy at all

3

(3)

4

3

 Q: Do you think Japan will be an easier place to live ten years from now?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

10

(9)

13

7

No

59

(67)

60

57

Don’t know

31

(23)

26

35

 Q: If Japanese society today were divided into the following five classes, to which class do you think you would belong?

 

T

P

M

F

Upper class

1

(2)

2

1

Upper middle class

19

(18)

19

18

Lower middle class

37

(41)

37

37

Upper lower class

24

(23)

27

22

Lower lower class

6

(5)

7

6

Don’t know

10

(10)

6

13

 Q: Do you find the sound of children’s voices in the neighborhood park, on the train, or on the bus noisy?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

7

(10)

7

6

No

71

(69)

74

69

Can’t say

20

(19)

17

22

 Q: Has the amount of money that your household spends in one month increased, decreased, or not changed from this time last year?

 

T

P

M

F

Increased

41

(48)

38

44

Decreased

19

(22)

18

20

Not changed

38

(29)

42

35

 Q: Which of the following is most important for you to be happy?

 

T

P

M

F

Good health

51

48

53

Enough money to live on

18

18

18

Family and friends

19

19

19

Social position and respect

1

1

0

Something to live for or something that I can devote myself to

8

11

5

 Q: Tokyo’s Shibuya and Setagaya Wards have created a system to officially recognize same-sex couples. Do you approve of this system?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

42

36

48

No

26

35

19

Don’t know

29

26

31

 Q: Which of the following social problems and policy issues facing Japan are you concerned about? (Select as many as apply)

 

T

P

M

F

Jobs

25

(27)

23

27

Unemployment

21

(22)

20

22

Income

36

(40)

38

34

Pension

81

(85)

80

81

Healthcare

50

(49)

48

51

Education

26

(27)

25

27

Public safety

31

(29)

29

32

Those living alone

22

(24)

23

21

Internet community

26

(24)

22

29

Nuclear power and energy

39

(41)

39

38

Global warming and abnormal weather

44

(50)

39

49

Large-scale earthquakes

46

(47)

40

50

Natural disasters

47

(45)

42

51

Foreign diplomacy

26

(25)

30

22

Constitutional revision

33

(24)

32

35

Other

3

(3)

3

3

 Q: Which of the following is your ideal living situation?

 

T

P

M

F

Single-person household

5

4

5

One-generation household (couple)

22

24

21

Two-generation household (parents and children)

36

33

38

Three-generation household (parents, children, and grandchildren)

32

33

30

Other

3

3

4

 Q: With the decline in the birthrate and the aging of society, the working-age population (ages 15–64) will decrease every year. What do you think would be the most effective way to secure a labor force in Japan going forward?

 

T

P

M

F

Endeavor to increase the birthrate

37

40

34

Increase the number of immigrants from overseas

3

4

2

Encourage the employment of people without jobs

47

44

49

Raise the productivity of people with jobs

6

6

7

Other

3

2

4

 Q: What do you think is most important for government and company initiatives to create a work environment that is friendly toward women?

 

T

P

M

F

Abolish the tax deduction for spouses

5

5

5

Increase the percentage of women in leadership positions

6

6

6

Eliminate waiting lists for daycare

21

22

20

Rectify the situation of long work hours

11

10

11

Introduce flexible work styles, including working at home

24

23

25

Make it easier to take maternity leave and childcare leave

25

26

25

Other

3

3

3

 Q: The government is encouraging middle-aged and elderly persons living in the Greater Tokyo Metropolitan area to relocate to regional areas as an initiative to revitalize those areas. Do you approve of this initiative?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

35

41

30

No

23

23

23

Don’t know

40

34

45

 Q: Do you think that people in Japan today have an equal chance of earning social position and being economically well-off no matter what circumstances they were born or raised in?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

27

30

24

No

72

69

74

 Q: Do you think that your children’s and grandchildren’s generation in Japan will have an equal chance of earning social position and being economically well-off?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

26

30

23

No

72

68

75

 Q: Do you support the Abe cabinet?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

40

(44)

43

37

No

39

(31)

40

38

Not interested

19

(23)

15

23

 Q: Which political party do you support?

 

T

P

M

F

Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP or Jiminto)

35

(38)

37

34

Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ or Minshuto)

8

(4)

10

6

Komeito (K or Komeito)

4

(4)

3

5

Japan Innovation Party (JIP or Ishinnoto)

1

(3)

1

1

Japanese Communist Party (JCP or Kyosanto)

3

(3)

3

3

Osaka Ishinnokai

4

4

3

Social Democratic Party (SDP or Shaminto)

1

(0)

1

1

People’s Life Party (PLP or Seikatsunoto)

1

(0)

1

0

Party for Future Generations (PFG or Jisedainoto)

0

(0)

0

0

Assembly to Energize Japan (AEJ or Nippon wo Genkinisurukai)

0

0

New Renaissance Party (NRP or Shinto Kaikaku)

(–)

Other answers (O/A)

1

(0)

1

1

None of the above (NOTA)

41

(43)

37

44

 Q: Almost three years have passed since Abe launched his second administration. In what ways do you think Japanese society has changed during that time? (The below figures are averages based on a scale where 1 is “greatly worsened” and 5 is “greatly improved.”)

 

T

P

M

F

Democratic government

2.7

2.7

2.7

Lifestyle and the economy

2.8

2.9

2.8

Japan’s international position

3.0

3.0

2.9

Culture, the arts, and sports

3.3

3.3

3.3

Medicine, nursing care, and welfare

2.8

2.8

2.7

 Q: Article 9 of the Japanese Constitution consists of the following two paragraphs: (Paragraph 1) “Aspiring sincerely to an international peace based on justice and order, the Japanese people forever renounce war as a sovereign right of the nation and the threat or use of force as means of settling international disputes.” (Paragraph 2) “In order to accomplish the aim of the preceding paragraph, land, sea, and air forces, as well as other war potential, will never be maintained. The right of belligerency of the state will not be recognized.”

 

Do you think that paragraph 1 should be revised?

T

P

M

F

Yes

17

24

10

No

57

57

56

Don’t know

24

17

30

 

Do you think that paragraph 2 should be revised?

T

P

M

F

Yes

23

33

15

No

46

47

44

Don’t know

28

18

37

 Q: Has the current Japanese Constitution served a useful role in Japan’s postwar prosperity?

 

T

P

M

F

Considerably useful

34

37

31

Useful to some extent

52

49

55

Not very useful

9

9

9

Not useful at all

2

2

1

 Q: In what ways do you think Japanese society has changed over the past 70 years since the end of World War II? (The below figures are averages based on a scale where 1 is “greatly worsened” and 5 is “greatly improved.”)

 

T

P

M

F

Democratic government

3.7

3.7

3.7

Lifestyle and the economy

3.9

3.9

3.9

Japan’s international position

3.7

3.7

3.7

Culture, the arts, and sports

4.0

4.0

4.1

Medicine, nursing care, and welfare

3.7

3.8

3.7

 Q: What is your view on Japan’s nuclear power plants? Please select the item that most closely reflects your view.

 

T

P

M

F

The number of nuclear power plants should be increased

3

4

2

The number of nuclear power plants should remain as at present

30

32

28

The number of nuclear power plants should be reduced

39

37

41

Nuclear power plants should be abolished

25

24

25

 

Q: (Only for those who answered that nuclear power plants should be “reduced” or “abolished” in the above question) What form of energy should be used to replace nuclear power? Please select the item that most closely reflects your view.

 

T

P

M

F

Increase use of renewable energy, such as solar and wind energy

85

88

83

Increase use of fossil fuels, such as oil and coal

1

2

1

Decrease electricity demand through energy conservation, etc.

10

7

13

Other

3

2

3

 Q: Do you feel close to the current emperor?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

65

61

68

No

8

11

5

Can’t say

26

26

25

 Q: Do you think that the prefectural and municipal assemblies in the area where you live are performing their function of serving as a check on the governor/mayor and administration?

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

11

12

10

No

43

52

36

Don’t know

44

34

54

 Q: Japan has placed emphasis on its alliance with the United States since the end of World War II. Which country/region do you think Japan should focus the most on going forward?

 

T

P

M

F

United States

54

56

53

China

7

8

6

South Korea

2

2

3

India

2

3

2

Russia

1

1

1

Southeast Asian nations

19

20

18

European nations

6

5

6

Other

4

3

5

 Q: What are your views on the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty? Please select the item that most closely reflects your view.

 

T

P

M

F

The treaty should be strengthened even more

13

16

11

The treaty should be maintained as it has been in the past

58

60

55

The treaty should be abolished in the future

11

13

9

The treaty should be abolished immediately

2

1

2

Don’t know

15

8

21

 Q: The following two questions concern the United States, China, South Korea, and Russia.

 

 

Q: How close do you feel toward each of these countries? (The below figures are averages based on a scale where 1 is “do not feel close” and 5 is “feel close.”)

 

T

P

M

F

United States

3.7

(3.7)

3.8

3.6

China

1.8

(1.7)

1.8

1.8

South Korea

2.1

(2.0)

2.0

2.2

Russia

1.8

(2.0)

1.8

1.8

 

Q: How do you think Japan’s relationship with each of these countries will have changed ten years from now compared to the current relationship? (The below figures are averages based on a scale where 1 is “greatly worsened” and 5 is “greatly improved.”)

 

T

P

M

F

United States

3.5

(3.5)

3.5

3.4

China

2.2

(2.2)

2.2

2.2

South Korea

2.4

(2.3)

2.3

2.4

Russia

2.4

(2.5)

2.4

2.4

 Q: The Public Offices Election Act provides regulations on the election of Diet members as well as governors, mayors, and prefectural and municipal assemblypersons. Please indicate your level of interest in the following elections on a scale of 1 to 6 with 1 as high. (The below figures are averages.)

 

T

P

M

F

Election of municipal assemblypersons

3.9

4.1

3.7

Election of municipal mayors

3.1

3.3

3.0

Election of prefectural assemblypersons

4.2

4.2

4.2

Election of prefectural governors

3.1

3.3

3.0

Election of members of the House of Representatives

2.8

2.5

3.0

Election of member of the House of Councillors

3.9

3.7

4.0

 Q: In elections for members of the House of Representatives, voters write the name of the candidate they want to vote for in the single-member constituency vote and write the name of the political party they want to vote for in the proportional representation vote. Which vote do you place more priority on?

 

T

P

M

F

Single-member constituency vote (write name of candidate)

61

62

59

Proportional representation vote (write name of political party)

15

16

15

Can’t say

22

20

24

 Q: Debate in now underway in the House of Representatives regarding revising the election system. Please select the item that most closely reflects your view.

 

T

P

M

F

The system is fine the way it is now

30

28

32

The proportion of seats elected under the single-member constituency system should be increased

22

21

22

The proportion of seats elected under the proportional representation system should be increased

5

7

4

Only the single-member constituency system should be used

17

17

16

Only the proportional representation system should be used

2

3

1

The multiple-member constituency system should be reinstated

14

17

11

Other

5

3

7

 Q: In House of Representative elections, single-member constituency candidates can simultaneously run under the proportional representation (PR) system. They can thus be elected as a PR candidate even after they have lost the single-member constituency election. What do you think about this “double candidature”? Please select the item that most closely reflects your view.

 

T

P

M

F

It is good that candidates who lost in the single-member constituency election can be elected under proportional representation

10

10

10

It is odd that candidates who lost in the single-member constituency election can still be elected

68

72

65

Don’t know

20

16

23

 (Note) Figures are rounded off. Averages are rounded off at the second decimal place. “0” indicates that the figure was below 0.5%, and “–” denotes that no respondents answered. “No answer” omitted. Only in the case of the question on respondents’ level of interest in elections, the lower the figure, the higher the ranking. In cases where multiple answers are allowed, the percentages will total more than 100. Figures in parentheses denote the results of the “2014 Survey of Public Opinion in Japan,” a postal mail survey conducted last year. The names of political parties are as of the date of the survey.

 

 Polling methodology: The survey was conducted of 2,400 voters selected from the voters list of 240 locations nationwide on a stratified two-stage random sampling basis. Questionnaires were posted on Oct. 21 and responses were received from 1,523 people by the beginning of December. Excluding responses by proxy, etc., valid responses were obtained from 1,468 people (61%). Of these, 46% were men and 54% were women. By age, those in their 20s made up 10%; those in their 30s, 13%; those in their 40s, 19%; those in their 50s, 16%; those in their 60s, 20%; those in their 70s, 15%; those in their 80s, 6%; and those age 90 or over, 1%.

  • Ambassador
  • Ukraine
  • OPINION POLLS
  • COVID-19
  • Trending Japan