(Nikkei: December 28, 2015 – p. 2)
[In a poll conducted by Nikkei Inc. and TV Tokyo on Dec. 25–27] 52% of pollees opposed allowing married couples to choose whether to use the same or separate last names after they marry, exceeding the 35% in favor. In the 20s to 50s age groups, those in favor exceeded those against; however, many in the 60s and 70-and-over age groups were opposed, revealing a clear intergenerational gap.
In the 70-and-over age group, there was a big spread with 68% opposed and 17% in favor. In the 60s age group as well, 59% were against, nearly twice the number in favor (30%). In the 20s and 30s age group, 52% were in favor, exceeding the 39% against. In the 40s age group, 49% were in favor while 42% were against. In the 50s age group, 48% were in favor, topping the 44% who were against.
By gender, 33% of men were in favor of allowing married couples to use of different surnames while 56% were against. In the case of women, 37% were in favor while 48% were against. Among those who support the cabinet, 33% were in favor while 60% were against. Among those who do not support the cabinet, 39% were in favor and 46% were against. Among LDP supporters, 29% were in favor while 63% were against. Among independents, 41% were in favor while 43% were against.
On Dec. 16, the Grand Bench of the Supreme Court issued its first decision on the matter and upheld the constitutionality of the provision in the Civil Code stating that couples must both take either the name of the woman or the man when they marry. At the same time, it asked that the issue be discussed in the Diet in light of the fact that more and more women are using their maiden names at the workplace today.