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POLITICS

Opinion poll & results from Yomiuri Shimbun

  • May 10, 2016
  • , Yomiuri , pp. 20, 21
  • Translation

 

 

Questions & answers (%)

Some questions have been omitted. Figures in the left column marked “[18]” are for those aged 18 or 19. Figures in the right column marked “[20]” are for those aged 20 or over.

 

Q: Which political party do you have the best impression of? (Select only one.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP or Jiminto)

26

33

Democratic Party (DP or Minshinto)

3

8

Komeito (Komeito)

3

5

Japanese Communist Party (JCP or Kyosanto)

1

5

Initiatives from Osaka (Osaka Ishin no Kai)

3

5

Social Democratic Party (SDP or Shaminto)

0

1

People’s Life Party (PLP or Seikatsunoto)

0

1

Party for Japanese Kokoro (Nihon no Kokoro wo Taisetsu ni Suru To)

1

1

New Renaissance Party (NRP or Shinto Kaikaku)

Other political party

0

0

I don’t have a good impression of any political party

60

40

No answer

1

2

 

Q: (Only for those who answered the above question by naming a political party) Why do you have a good impression of the party? (Select up to three responses.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Because its policies are excellent

24

22

Because it is capable of administering the nation

27

47

Because it is pro-reform

30

31

Because it thinks seriously about Japan’s future

32

45

Because the party leader is appealing

14

16

Because it has many talented people

16

22

Because it is dynamic

22

17

Other

11

5

No answer

2

2

 

Q: Are you interested in national politics today?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Interested

13

29

Somewhat interested

39

49

Not very interested

34

19

Not interested

14

3

No answer

0

0

 

Q: Are you satisfied with national politics today?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Satisfied

3

1

Somewhat satisfied

28

27

Not very satisfied

45

46

Not satisfied

24

25

No answer

0

1

 

Q: What are the main kinds of media you usually use to obtain information on political developments? (Select up to three.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Newspapers

28

64

NHK television

39

58

Commercial television

64

67

Radio

3

11

Magazines

2

5

Internet (computers)

14

19

Internet (smartphones)

58

24

Other

0

0

Nothing in particular

3

1

No answer

0

0

 

Q: Do you talk with your family about politics?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Frequently

4

8

Sometimes

32

49

Seldom

39

33

Never

25

9

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Does your family usually go vote in elections?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Frequently

65

69

Sometimes

19

19

Seldom

7

8

Never

9

4

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Do you talk with your friends about politics?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Frequently

3

6

Sometimes

20

40

Seldom

39

39

Never

38

14

No answer

0

0

 

Q: Do you think that schools should teach more about how politics work and how to be involved in politics?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

79

87

No

20

12

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Do you think it is good that the voting age will be lowered to 18 starting from this summer’s Upper House elections?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

57

59

No

42

39

No answer

1

2

 

Q: Do you expect that lowering the voting age to 18 will result in the opinions of young people being better reflected in politics?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

59

61

No

41

38

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Do you think you can change politics by voting in elections?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

33

44

No

67

55

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Do you think people should definitely go vote in elections?

 

 

[18]

[20]

People should definitely go vote

47

62

Voting is up to the discretion of each person

52

37

No answer

0

1

 

Q: In what ways would you like to participate in and impact politics in the future? (Select up to three.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

By voting in elections

77

83

By running for office

2

1

By directly lobbying politicians

4

9

By participating in citizen groups

5

11

By cooperating in signature campaigns

15

34

By participating in demonstrations

2

3

By posting my opinions on blogs and SNS, including Twitter and Facebook

19

9

Other

1

1

Nothing in particular

19

12

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Are you interested in the upcoming Upper House elections?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Interested

10

25

Somewhat interested

27

41

Not very interested

41

26

Not interested

22

7

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Will you go vote in the upcoming Upper House elections?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Will go

26

56

Probably will go

40

30

Probably will not go

24

11

Will not go

10

3

No answer

0

0

 

Q: The Upper House elections have two parts: the constituency vote and the proportional representation vote. How well do you know the electoral system, such as how to vote in each part and how the number of seats taken by each party is determined in the proportional representation part?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Know very well

11

12

Know somewhat

36

54

Do not know much

35

29

Do not know at all

18

4

No answer

0

1

 

Q: What focal issues will you place priority on in the upcoming Upper House elections? (Select up to three responses.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

The economy and jobs

51

59

Social security, including healthcare and pensions

37

66

Raising the consumption tax rate

35

34

Diplomacy and security

22

21

Energy policy

10

10

Disaster countermeasures

11

6

Measures to counter population decline

10

16

Constitutional amendment

14

17

Environmental issues

12

8

Education issues

26

15

Poverty and social disparities

18

25

Other

2

2

Nothing in particular

10

2

No answer

0

0

 

Q: What information released by political parties and candidates in the upcoming Upper House elections will you refer to when considering how to vote? (Select up to three.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Political broadcasts

31

42

Official election publications

25

39

Electioneering on the street

20

21

Debates among the political party leaders

14

40

Debates among the candidates

10

28

Announcements from sound trucks

11

6

Leaflets, flyers, and posters

20

17

Online information

40

26

Other

0

1

Nothing in particular

19

10

No answer

0

1

 

Q: What media will you consult in regard to the upcoming Upper House elections? (Select up to three responses.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Newspapers

41

71

NHK television

41

62

Commercial television

56

66

Radio

3

11

Magazines

3

6

Internet (computers)

15

19

Internet (smartphones)

52

22

Other

0

0

Nothing in particular

11

4

No answer

0

0

 

Q: What online information will you consult in regard to the upcoming Upper House elections? (Select up to three responses.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Candidates’ websites

29

33

Candidates’ SNS (Twitter, Facebook, etc.)

24

13

Political parties’ websites

25

31

Political parties’ SNS

9

5

Media organizations’ news sites

42

46

Portal sites

4

5

Video sites

7

3

Celebrities’ SNS

8

4

Friends’ and acquaintances’ SNS

9

4

Other

0

0

Nothing in particular

24

31

No answer

1

6

 

Q: What kind of reporting would you like in regard to the upcoming Upper House elections? (Select up to three.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Explanation of politics and the electoral system

33

22

Explanation of the focal points in the election

31

41

Explanation and comparison of the campaign promises

38

51

Analysis of how well the ruling parties have achieved the campaign promises they made during the last election

20

25

Analysis of the feasibility of each party’s campaign promises

28

39

Candidates’ activities records

13

25

Explanation of the issues facing Japan

38

39

Other

1

1

Nothing in particular

15

5

No answer

0

1

 

Q: What kind of candidates would you like to see win in the upcoming Upper House elections? (Select up to three responses.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

Persons of action

69

76

Persons with leadership abilities

35

37

Persons with experience and accomplishments

26

29

Persons who are pro-reform

33

45

Persons who have a clean record

32

47

Persons who are approachable

15

8

Young persons

12

12

Other

5

3

Nothing in particular

9

3

No answer

0

0

 

Q: Before the Great East Japan Earthquake, nuclear power generation supplied almost 30% of Japan’s electricity. How should domestic nuclear power generation be handled in the future?

 

 

[18]

[20]

It should be increased from pre-3/11

5

3

It should be about the same as pre-3/11

26

18

It should be decreased from pre-3/11

47

47

It should be eliminated

18

28

Other

1

1

No answer

3

3

 

Q: Do you think that the current Constitution should be amended?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

43

51

No

54

44

No answer

3

5

 

Q: The “right to collective self-defense” means that if a country with which Japan shares close ties is attacked, it can interpret this as an attack on Japan itself and strike back. Do you approve of the fact that Japan can exercise its right to collective self-defense to a limited extent with the passage of the security-related legislation last autumn?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

35

41

No

63

57

No answer

2

2

 

Q: Overall, do you think that Japan is better than other countries?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

37

36

Generally yes

57

58

Generally no

4

4

No

2

1

No answer

0

1

 

Q: Are you proud to be Japanese?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

48

56

Generally yes

43

37

Generally no

7

4

No

3

2

No answer

0

0

 

Q: Overall, do you think Japan has a bright future?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

4

4

Generally yes

37

38

Generally no

46

50

No

11

8

No answer

1

1

 

Q: What kind of country would you like to see Japan be in the future? (Select up to three.)

 

 

[18]

[20]

A country that seeks economic affluence

44

42

A country that focuses on promoting science and technology

24

24

A country that focuses on improving welfare

52

64

A country that wields political power in the international community

17

19

A country that calls the world to recognize the importance of peace

54

60

A country that focuses on security

20

21

A country that is a model of democracy

11

17

A country that focuses on promoting culture

17

14

Other

4

2

Nothing in particular

4

1

No answer

0

1

 

Q: In what direction do you think Japan should head in the future?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Free economic competition should be restricted to some degree so that disparities do not widen too much

59

61

Free economic competition should be promoted even if that means that disparities widen to some degree

39

36

No answer

1

3

 

Q: How involved should Japan be in the resolution of international conflicts?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Japan should be more involved than it is now

17

14

Japan should be involved to the same degree it is now

67

70

Japan should be less involved than it is now

15

14

No answer

1

2

 

Q: Are you in favor of accepting as immigrants foreigners who want to settle down in Japan?

 

 

[18]

[20]

Yes

25

8

Generally yes

43

43

Generally no

24

38

No

7

9

No answer

1

2

 

Polling methodology: The survey was implemented on a mail-in basis. A total of 2,000 men and women aged 18 or 19 (as of April 30, 2016) were randomly selected nationwide from the basic register of residents, and 2,000 men and women aged 20 or over were randomly selected nationwide from the voting register (from 250 locations on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis). Written questionnaires were sent out on March 30, and a total of 1,102 questionnaires were completed and sent back by persons aged 18 or 19 and 1,349 were completed and sent back by those aged 20 or over by May 6. Valid answers were received from 1,097 persons aged 18 or 19 (valid response rate: 55%) and from 1,303 persons aged 20 or over (65%), excluding answer sheets filled out by those not subject to the survey.

Composition of respondents:

Those aged 18 or 19: male – 49%; female – 51%. Those aged 20 or over: male – 47%; female – 53%. 20s – 9%; 30s – 13%; 40s – 18%; 50s – 17%; 60s – 22%; 70 or over – 20%.

 

Figures are rounded off. In some cases, the total percentage may not add up to 100%.

 

“0” indicates that the figure was below 0.5%, and “–” denotes that no respondents gave that answer. (Slightly abridged)

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