At the G7 Summit meeting, leaders agreed that they would endeavor to bring the Paris Agreement into effect within the year. Japan will move forward with domestic ratification procedures, but it is uncertain whether it will be able to accomplish that by the end of the year.
Ratification within 2016 would be possible if an extraordinary session of the Diet were called in the autumn and approval received. Time is limited, however, as discussions on the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade agreement (TPP) are expected. At a press conference, Environment Minister Tamayo Marukawa hinted at ratification next year or later, saying, “We will try, but how deliberations go within the limited schedule is a separate matter.”
The Paris Agreement will come into effect 30 days after at least 55 countries representing at least 55% of total global greenhouse gas emissions ratify it. The United States, which shunned the Kyoto Protocol, as well as China and India, which were not obligated to reduce emissions under the Kyoto Protocol, have said that they will ratify the Paris Agreement quickly. If the Agreement comes into effect before Japan ratifies it, Japan’s influence in the international community may decline.