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OPINION POLLS

Opinion poll & results from Yomiuri Shimbun

Main questions & answers (%)

Some questions have been omitted.

 

Q: Did you go vote in the recent Upper House election?

 

Yes

64

No

36

No answer

0

 

Q: (Only for those who answered “yes” to the above question) Why did you go vote? (Select up to three responses.)

 

Because there were candidates and political parties that I wanted to vote for

16

Because there were issues about which I wanted to express my opinion by voting

20

Because it was the first election in which 18- and 19-year-olds could vote

65

Because I thought voting is a responsibility

45

Because I did not want to give up my right to vote

31

Because I was encouraged to do so by my family

37

Because I was encouraged to do so by my school teachers

7

Because I was encouraged to do so by my friends and acquaintances

3

Because I felt like voting

9

Other

3

No answer

 

Q: (Only for those who answered “yes” to the above question) When did you decide how you would vote in the proportional representation segment of the election?

 

Prior to the June 22 announcement of the election

11

In the first half of the campaigning (June 22–30)

8

In the second half of the campaigning (July 1–8)

22

On July 9, the day prior to the election

20

On July 10, the day of the election

37

No answer

1

 

Q: (Only for those who answered “yes” to the above question) In deciding how you would vote in the proportional representation segment of the election, what did you place priority on? (Select up to three responses.)

 

Policies and campaign promises of the political parties and candidates

54

Personal character and abilities of the candidates

29

Youth and future potential of the candidates

11

Stance of trying to change politics

32

Personal character and abilities of the party leader

14

Recommendations of those around me

26

Other

4

No answer

5

 

Q: (Only for those who answered “no” to the above question) Why did you not go vote? (Select up to three responses.)

 

Because I have no hope for politics today

21

Because there were no candidates or political parties that I wanted to vote for

22

Because I was not interested in the focal issues of the election

10

Because it was hard to understand the differences among the candidates and political parties

15

Because I thought that it would not impact the outcome of the election if I did not vote

18

Because I am not interested in politics from the start

17

Because I had other matters to take care of

46

Because I did not feel like voting

10

Other

15

No answer

2

 

Q: What focal issues did you place priority on in the Upper House election? (Select up to three responses.)

 

The economy and jobs

52

Social security, including healthcare and pensions

34

Raising the consumption tax rate

23

Diplomacy and security

18

Energy policy

6

Disaster countermeasures

6

Measures to counter population decline

7

Constitutional amendment

26

Environmental issues

9

Education issues

25

Poverty and social disparities

14

Other

2

Nothing in particular

13

No answer

1

 

Q: What information released by political parties and candidates did you refer to when considering how to vote? (Select up to three.)

 

Political broadcasts

19

Official election publications

26

Electioneering on the street

15

Debates among the political party leaders

8

Debates among the candidates

4

Announcements from sound trucks

11

Leaflets, flyers, and posters

32

Online information

39

Other

3

Nothing in particular

20

No answer

1

 

Q: What are the main kinds of media you used to obtain information on the Upper House election? (Select up to three.)

 

Newspapers

40

NHK television

30

Commercial television

44

Radio

3

Magazines

3

Internet (computers)

14

Internet (smartphones)

42

Other

1

Nothing in particular

15

No answer

0

 

Q: Was it easy or difficult for you to decide which candidates and political party to vote for in the Upper House election?

 

Easy

10

Rather easy

17

Rather difficult

35

Difficult

36

No answer

1

 

Q: Do you think that the results of the Upper House election were positive or negative overall?

 

Positive

10

Generally positive

48

Generally negative

30

Negative

9

No answer

2

 

Q: Do you think it is good that the voting age was lowered to 18?

 

Yes

69

No

27

No answer

4

 

Q: Prior to the Upper House election, were there opportunities at school or at events to learn about the electoral system and the significance of elections?

 

Yes

34

No

63

No answer

2

 

Q: Prior to the Upper House election, were there opportunities at school or at events to participate in a mock vote?

 

Yes

13

No

85

No answer

2

 

Q: Has your interest in politics grown because of the recent Upper House election?

 

Grown greatly

9

Grown somewhat

52

Not grown very much

25

Not grown

11

No answer

2

 

Q: Do you feel more connected to politics because of the recent Upper House election?

 

Feel more connected

13

Feel somewhat more connected

48

Not feel very much more connected

26

Not feel more connected

11

No answer

2

 

Q: Will you vote in the next election?

 

Will definitely vote

32

Will probably vote

48

Will probably not vote

13

Will not vote

4

No answer

2

 

Q: Are you in favor or opposed to lowering the age required to run for public office?

 

In favor

31

Opposed

66

No answer

3

 

Q: Do you think that Japanese politics will head in a good direction or a bad direction in the future?

 

Good direction

3

Generally good direction

47

Generally bad direction

38

Bad direction

8

No answer

3

 

Q: Do you approve of Prime Minister Abe’s decision to postpone the raising of the consumption tax rate to 10% from April 2017 to October 2019?

 

Yes

65

No

32

No answer

3

 

Q: Are you concerned that delaying the consumption tax hike will have a negative impact on the social security system, including pensions, healthcare, and nursing care?

 

Very concerned

16

Somewhat concerned

42

Not very concerned

36

Not concerned

3

No answer

2

 

Q: Which of the following two is closest to your opinion about the relationship between the social security system and the taxes and premiums to be borne by the individual in the future?

 

It would be okay if taxes and premiums were higher than at present if it were required to maintain the current level of social security

55

The current level of taxes and premiums should not be increased even if it means that the level of social security declines

41

No answer

4

 

Polling methodology: The survey was implemented on a mail-in basis of the 2,000 men and women aged 18 or 19 (as of April 30, 2016) who were randomly selected nationwide from the basic register of residents (from 250 locations on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis) for the pre-Upper House election poll conducted March through May 2016 and to whom questionnaires for that pre-Upper House election poll were sent. (Some [Five] pollees responded to the post-Upper House election poll only.) Written questionnaires for the post-election poll were sent out on July 11, and a total of 908 questionnaires were completed and sent back by August 12. Valid answers were received from 893 persons (valid response rate: 45%), excluding answer sheets filled out by those not subject to the survey. Composition of respondents: male – 47%; female – 53%.

 

Figures are rounded off. In some cases, the total percentage may not add up to 100%.

 

“0” indicates that the figure was below 0.5%, and “–” denotes that no respondents gave that answer. (Slightly abridged)

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