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OPINION POLLS

Yomiuri-Hankook Ilbo joint opinion poll & results

Questions & answers (%)

Questionnaire is slightly abridged. Figures in the left column are those for Japan while the right column is for South Korea. Words in parentheses are words used in the survey in South Korea. Slash indicates that the question was not asked. Asterisk indicates that the choices were read aloud to the respondent.

 

Q: What do you think of the state of Japan-South Korea relations today? Select one response from the following four.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Very good

1

0

Generally good

19

15

Generally bad

54

67

Very bad

23

14

No answer

3

5

 

Q: Do you think that South Korea (Japan) can be trusted? Select one response from the following four.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Can be very much trusted

2

1

Can be somewhat trusted

28

16

Cannot be trusted much

45

56

Cannot be trusted at all

24

25

No answer

2

2

 

Q: Do you feel close to South Korea (Japan)?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

34

19

No

62

78

No answer

4

2

 

Q: How do you think Japan-South Korea relations will develop in the future under the new South Korean administration led by Moon Jae-in?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Improve

5

56

Worsen

20

7

Not change

70

32

No answer

5

5

 

Q: In December 2015, the Japanese and South Korean governments reached an agreement regarding the issue of the South Korean comfort women. The next five questions pertain to the agreement.

Q: The agreement includes a disbursement of about 1 billion yen by the Japanese government to a fund to support the former comfort women, and efforts by the South Korean government to remove the statue of a girl that represents the comfort women, which currently stands in front of the Japanese embassy in Seoul. Do you approve of this agreement?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

56

17

No

35

76

No answer

9

7

 

Q: South Korean President Moon Jae-in said during the presidential campaign that he will renegotiate the agreement on the comfort women issue. Are you in favor of or opposed to the Japanese and South Korean governments renegotiating the pact?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

In favor

33

85

Opposed

57

9

No answer

10

5

 

Q: (Only for those who answered “in favor” to the foregoing question) Why are you in favor of renegotiation of the pact? Select as many as you would like from the following five.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Because the South Korean administration changed

60

16

Because the views of the former comfort women were not taken into sufficient consideration

45

62

Because the Japanese government’s apology was insufficient

28

61

Because the pact was an attempt to resolve the issue with money

42

47

Because renegotiation will lead to an improvement in Japan-South Korea ties

81

18

Other

1

2

No answer

2

2

 

Q: (Only for those who answered “opposed” to the foregoing question) Why are you opposed to renegotiation of the pact? Select as many as you would like from the following five.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Because the Japanese and South Korean governments agreed that the pact was final and irreversible

84

39

Because some of the former comfort women have already accepted money

51

13

Because the Japanese government’s apology was sufficient

71

10

Because it would be hard to create an agreement that would satisfy the South Korean public

61

21

Because renegotiation will not lead to an improvement in Japan-South Korea ties

46

28

Other

0

8

No answer

2

4

 

Q: Do you think that the statue of a girl that represents the comfort women currently erected in front of the Japanese embassy in Seoul and in front of Japan’s consulate-general in Busan should be removed?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

71

11

No

20

84

No answer

9

5

 

Q: What do you think should be given priority resolution to make Japan-South Korea relations even better? Select as many as you would like from the following seven.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Issue of Takeshima (Dokdo)

68

75

Visits by the Japanese prime minister to Yasukuni Shrine

30

44

Issues surrounding the former South Korean comfort women

57

67

South Korean (Japanese) politicians’ statements on historical controversies

40

61

Formation of a free trade agreement (FTA)

47

29

Court cases lodged by South Koreans coerced into laboring as part of Japan’s war efforts

37

37

Import restrictions on Japanese fisheries products

54

29

Other

0

1

No answer

5

4

 

Q: What do you think of the state of relations between Japan (South Korea) and China today? Select one response from the following four.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Very good

0

0

Generally good

21

16

Generally bad

60

64

Very bad

15

17

No answer

3

3

 

Q: Do you think that China can be trusted? Select one response from the following four.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Can be very much trusted

0

1

Can be somewhat trusted

15

18

Cannot be trusted much

53

57

Cannot be trusted at all

30

23

No answer

2

1

 

Q: Do you think the United States or China will be more important to Japan (South Korea) going forward?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

United States

74

53

China

17

40

No answer

9

7

 

Q: From which of the following five countries, if any, do you feel a military threat? Select as many responses as you would like.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

United States

32

18

China

69

45

Russia

56

19

North Korea

88

77

South Korea

17

/

Japan

/

31

None

2

5

No answer

1

1

 

Q: Which of the following issues related to North Korea, if any, do you think that Japan (South Korea) should place priority on addressing? Select up to two responses from the following six.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Halting North Korea’s nuclear development

69

66

Halting North Korea’s missile development and launches

49

42

Resolution of the issue of Japanese abductees

46

2

Normalization of diplomatic ties with North Korea (unification of the Korean peninsula)

6

21

Economic cooperation with North Korea

3

16

Promotion of the six-party talks

14

17

Other

0

1

Nothing in particular

1

2

No answer

1

2

 

Q: What degree of threat do you feel from North Korea because it continues its nuclear and missile development programs? Select one response from the following four.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Great threat

56

30

Some threat

33

42

Not much threat

7

23

No threat at all

2

5

No answer

1

0

 

Q: Should dialogue or pressure, including economic sanctions, be prioritized to make North Korea abandon its nuclear and missile development programs?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Dialogue

41

44

Pressure

51

30

Can’t say either way

3

25

No answer

5

2

 

Q: Do you think that increasing U.S. military pressure on North Korea would be effective in making Pyongyang stop developing nuclear weapons and missiles?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

41

51

No

55

44

No answer

4

4

 

Q: Are you concerned that the confrontation between the United States and North Korea will develop into armed conflict in the future? Select one response from the following four.*

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Very concerned

31

11

Somewhat concerned

52

45

Not very concerned

13

33

No concerned at all

3

10

No answer

1

2

 

Q: (Question only asked in South Korea) Do you support the deployment of the state-of-the-art missile defense system THAAD by the U.S. Forces stationed in South Korea to cope with missile launches by North Korea?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

/

48

No

/

46

No answer

/

6

 

Q: Do you think China is playing an adequate role in making North Korea abandon its nuclear and missile development programs?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

8

5

No

88

92

No answer

4

3

 

Q: Do you think that U.S. Forces stationed in South Korea should be expanded, maintained at the current level, or reduced?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Expanded

15

10

Maintained at the current level

66

65

Reduced

11

20

No answer

8

4

 

Q: Do you think defense cooperation with South Korea (Japan) should be strengthened?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

53

41

No

41

52

No answer

7

7

 

Q: Do you think it is appropriate for Japan to strengthen its defense capabilities in light of the situation in North Korea?

 

 

Japan

South Korea

Yes

66

26

No

27

68

No answer

6

6

 

Polling methodology: The survey was conducted on May 26–28 in Japan and on May 27–28 in South Korea on a computer-aided random digit dialing (RDD) basis with calls placed to landline and mobile phone numbers.

 

Japan: The survey was conducted of those aged 18 or over. Responses were received from a total of 1,015 persons, including 505 persons (out of 981 households) for landline numbers and 510 persons (out of 1,583 persons who answered the phone) for mobile numbers. The valid response rates were 51% for landline numbers and 32% for mobile numbers.

 

South Korea: The survey was conducted of those aged 19 or over. Valid responses were received from 1,000 people.

 

Figures are rounded off. In some cases, the total percentage may not add up to 100%.

 

“0” indicates that the figure was less than 0.5%.

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