Following is the gist of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s press conference held in Hiroshima on Aug 6.
National Defense Program Guidelines
With the security environment becoming increasingly severe, it is necessary to strengthen the Japan-U.S. security alliance and at the same time expand Japan’s role in the alliance by enhancing its defense capability. As the current Mid-Term Defense Program will expire in the next fiscal year, we need to deliberate over the next defense plan. We also need to constantly examine the National Defense Program Guidelines from the perspective of what would be Japan’s ideal defense capability.
Specifically, besides strengthening defense of the Nansei (southwest) islands and ballistic missile defense, a new type of defense arrangements for space and cybersecurity will be subjects of discussion.
Capability to attack enemy bases
In the bilateral division of roles, Japan relies on the U.S. for capability to attack enemy bases. Currently, I don’t have any specific plan to begin examining steps toward Japan’s possessing such a capability.
Three non-nuclear principles
With our unwavering commitment never to repeat the catastrophe of nuclear weapons, our country will continue to maintain the three non-nuclear principles as a national policy. There is no special need to legislate the principles.
Treaty on the prohibition of nuclear weapons
In order to realize a world free of nuclear weapons, participation by nuclear-weapon states is essential. However, no nuclear-weapon states participate in the treaty. The rift between nuclear haves and have-nots must not be deepened and we need a realistic approach toward realizing a world without nuclear weapons. The treaty runs counter to Japan’s approach.
The responsibility of the A-bombed country
In order to facilitate the early effectuation of the Complete Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and to make successful the 2020 Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT) Review Conference, Japan will contribute to the gathering momentum in the international community.
Sanctions resolution against North Korea
We welcome the latest resolution unanimously adopted by the UN Security Council that will strengthen sanctions against North Korea. The resolution demonstrated that the international community must increase its pressure against the DPRK.
I want the Liberal Democratic Party to take the lead in revising the Constitution. As for the scenario going forward, constitutional revision will depend on discussions in the LDP and the Diet.