On Sept. 6, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MOFA) finalized a report projecting the impact of global warming on the Asia-Pacific region. It warns that as global warming progresses, there could be more frequent natural disasters and a decline in agricultural output. Regional stability could also be at risk due to a rise in immigrants.
The report was compiled based on analysis by research institutes both at home and abroad. Insufficient measures to address global warming could contribute to pushing up the average monthly temperatures in almost all parts of the region by more than two degrees over the 100 years through the end of the 21st century. This could increase rainfall in the Mekong river basin and cause flooding there.
In Southeast Asia and South Asia, population increases are projected. Droughts and other natural disasters may prompt people to move across national borders. Refugees may increase in number and instability may emerge. These issues could turn into national security risks.
This is the first report MOFA has compiled since the foreign ministers of the G7 nations agreed in 2015 to set up a working group to discuss measures to fight global warming by giving consideration to its social and economic impact.
MOFA will submit the report to the working group when it convenes in Italy this autumn.