The Institute of International Education (IIE, headquartered in New York) released on Nov. 13 the number of international students at universities and graduate schools in the United States in fiscal 2016. Of all 1.07 million international students, Chinese students made up the largest group at 350,755, up 6.8% on the year. Japanese students ranked eighth at 18,780, down 1.5% on the year. Japan was at the top of the list from fiscal 1994 to 1997, but it has sent less than 20,000 students every year since fiscal 2011 after hitting a peak of 47,073 in fiscal 1997 .
Students from India came in second at 186,267, a year-on-year increase of 12.3%. Chinese and Indian students accounted for nearly half of the population of international students on U.S. campuses.