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POLITICS

Opinion poll & results from Nihon Yoron Chosakai Poll on the Constitution

  • January 3, 2018
  • , Tokyo Shimbun , p. 5
  • JMH Translation

Q1: Which political party do you support?

 

Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP or Jiminto)

44.4

Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ or Rikken Minshuto)

14.9

Party of Hope (Kibo no To)

3.0

Komeito (Komeito)

 4.0

Democratic Party (DP or Minshinto)

2.4

Japanese Communist Party (JCP or Kyosanto)

3.6

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) (Nippon Ishin no Kai)

2.7

Liberal Party (Jiyuto)

0.2

Social Democratic Party (SDP or Shaminto)

0.4

Other political parties and political groups

0.1

None of the above (NOTA)

20.3

Don’t know (D/K) + No answer (N/A)

 4.0

 

Q2: It is predicted that Diet debate on the Constitution will become more active in light of the results of the Lower House election. How interested are you in the issue of the Constitution?

 

Interested

25.8

Somewhat interested

46.2

Not very interested

20.1

Not interested

7.1

D/K+N/A

0.8

 

Q3: Do you think that the Constitution needs to be amended?

 

Yes

20.3

Generally yes

34.6

Generally no

23.4

No

14.9

D/K + N/A

6.8

 

Q4: (Only for those who answered “yes” or “generally yes” to Q3) What is the main reason for your answer? (910 respondents)

 

Because the articles and content of the Constitution are no longer in step with the times

63.9

Because new rights and obligations need to be included

24.9

Because the Constitution was imposed on Japan by the United States

4.8

Because the Constitution has never once been amended since its enactment

4.6

Other answers (O/A)

0.5

D/K + N/A

 1.3

 

Q5: (Only for those who answered “yes” or “generally yes” to Q3) What do you think the debate on constitutional amendment should focus on? Select up to three items from the list below. (910 respondents)

 

Preamble to the Constitution

8.6

Emperor system

21.5

Article 9 and the Self-Defense Forces (SDF)

61.5

Article 96, which stipulates the conditions for proposing constitutional amendments

9.3

Creation of a state-of-emergency clause in case of emergency or major natural disaster

36.2

Creation of a clause on fiscal discipline

6.7

Establishment of a constitutional court

2.9

Stipulation of free education

29.1

Elimination of “combined constituencies” in Upper House elections

4.8

Restriction of right to dissolve Lower House

7.7

International contribution

7.3

Basic human rights

12.4

Environmental rights

5.3

Right to know and protection of privacy

21.6

Cabinet and parliamentary systems

7.8

“Doshusei” regional administrative system

2.6

O/A

0.5

D/K + N/A

 3.7

 

Q6: (Only for those who answered “no” or “generally no” to Q3) What is the main reason for your answer? (636 respondents)

 

Because Japan has maintained peace by renouncing war

37.7

Because there is the risk that amendment will lead to “military buildup”

31.0

Because there is the risk that amendment will lead to the restriction of basic human rights

10.2

Because there are no problems with the current Constitution

19.2

O/A

0.5

D/K + N/A

1.4

 

Q7: Do you think constitutional amendment was a focal issue in the October 2017 Lower House election?

 

Yes 

23.1

No

69.9

D/K + N/A

 7.0

 

Q8: As a result of the Lower House election, pro-revisionists hold more than two-thirds of the seats in both houses of the Diet, which is the requirement for initiating constitutional amendment. It is forecast that this situation will continue through the summer of 2019 when the next Upper House election will be held. Do you think the Diet should initiate constitutional amendment during this period?

 

Yes

51.5

No

40.7

D/K + N/A

7.8

 

Q9: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has shown a strong desire to amend the Constitution. Are you in favor of or opposed to constitutional amendment under Prime Minister Abe?

 

In favor

39.2

Opposed

53.1

D/K + N/A

7.7

 

Q10: Article 9 of the Constitution stipulates that Japan renounces war and will never maintain war potential. Do you think Article 9 needs to be amended?  

 

Yes

41.2

No

53.0

D/K + N/A

5.8

 

Q11: (Only for those who answered “yes” to Q10) If Article 9 were revised, what do you think should be given the greatest importance? (684 respondents)

 

Explicitly stating the existence of today’s SDF

54.3

Explicitly describing the SDF as a military

11.1

Adding provisions on making an international contribution

13.3

Adding provisions to limit the SDF’s international activities

19.7

O/A

0.3

D/K + N/A

1.3

 

Q12: Do you think the Diet should rush its debate on amendments in its deliberations on the Constitution?

 

Yes

28.8

No

67.2

D/K + N/A

4.0

 

Note: In cases where multiple answers are permitted, the total exceeds 100%.

 

Polling methodology: The survey was implemented on Dec. 9–10, 2017, based on face-to-face interviews conducted by pollsters. A total of 3,000 men and women aged 18 or over were randomly selected nationwide from 250 locations on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis to create a cross-section of Japan’s slightly more than 100 million voters. Responses were received from 1,659 people, excluding those who could not be interviewed due to relocation or travel. The valid response rate was 55.3%. Composition of respondents was as follows: male, 48.5%; female, 51.5%.

 

Sections of Kumamoto Prefecture and the three prefectures impacted heavily by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake [Iwate, Miyagi, Fukushima] were excluded from the survey pool.

 

 

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