The following are the main points of the proposed “basic law on zero nuclear power and natural energies” announced by the Genjiren [alliance for the promotion of zero nuclear power and natural energies] on Jan. 10:
Spell out the basic thinking and policies for the promotion of the decommissioning of all nuclear power plants and complete conversion to natural energies, define the responsibilities of the national government and other bodies and the organizational setup for promoting this cause, and realize the transformation of Japan’s energy structure.
Nuclear plants are very dangerous and costly, and their importance is declining. All nuclear plants should be switched offline immediately for full conversion to natural energies.
Operation of all active nuclear plants should be discontinued immediately.
Idle nuclear plants should not be reactivated.
No new nuclear plants shall be built.
The government should take the responsibility for developing a plan for the final disposal of spent fuel rods.
Withdraw from nuclear fuel cycle projects. Reprocessing plants should be shut down.
Stop the export of nuclear plants.
Increase the ratio of natural energies to at least 50% by 2030 and to 100% by 2050.
Responsibilities of the government and other bodies
The national government has the responsibility to decommission all nuclear plants and realize full conversion to natural energies. It should take legal, fiscal, taxation, financial, and other measures for this purpose.
It should adopt economic and financial measures for the affected local governments to secure employment in the affected areas and enterprises.
Make energy conservation and use of natural energies mandatory for public facilities.
Power companies are required to cooperate fully in the promotion of the policies of the national and local governments.
Organizational structure for the promotion of this policy
A promotion headquarters headed by the prime minister and consisting of the relevant ministers and a promotion council consisting of experts shall be created in the cabinet.