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LDP’s proposed constitutional provisions on emergencies not to boost gov’t powers

It is now likely that the Liberal Democratic Party’s proposed constitutional provisions on response to major disasters and other national emergencies, which is one of its four major constitutional revision issues, will be limited to provisions on extending Diet members’ terms and so forth and will not include provisions on centralizing powers in the government and restricting private rights. This is on account of the expected opposition to any concentration of power and the fact that certain responses are possible even under the present constitution.

 

The LDP Headquarters for the Promotion of Revision to the Constitution chaired by Hiroyuki Hosoda plans to arrive at a consensus before the party convention scheduled for March 25.

 

Main points of the LDP’s proposals on national emergencies

 

As indicated in the constitution HQ’s summary of discussions in December 2017

Include provisions on extending Diet members’ terms, special rules on elections, etc.

To be adopted

Include provisions to centralize power in the government and restrict private rights

To be dropped

As indicated in 2012 LDP constitutional revision proposals

The prime minister can declare a state of emergency in the event of an armed attack, civil strife, major disaster, and so forth, with prior or ex post facto Diet approval

After a state of emergency is declared, the cabinet can adopt ordinances with the same legal force as laws and the prime minister can issue orders for the required budget spending and to local governments

Laws can be enacted on restrictions on the power to dissolve the Lower House, the Diet members’ term of office, and the schedule of elections

 

(Abridged)

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