TOKYO (Jiji Press) — The government on Tuesday adopted a bill designed to boost efforts to reduce damage from global warming.
The bill seeks to define the roles of the central government, municipalities and citizens in preventing disasters, the spread of infectious diseases, poor crops and other negative impacts from climate change.
With the bill, the government aims to cope with consequences of global warming that could not be avoided even if greenhouse gas emissions are reduced as much as possible. The government hopes the bill will be enacted during the ongoing session of the Diet scheduled to end on June 20.
According to a report by the Japan Meteorological Agency, the average temperature in the country is estimated to rise by 1.1 to 4.4 degrees by the end of the 21st century from a century before.
Japan has already started experiencing negative effects from global warming, such as a fall in the quality of rice, a rise in the frequency of heavy rains and coral bleaching.
The bill would require the central government to draw up a program of measures to protect agriculture and people’s lives from the effects of climate change, including building more levees. The legislation calls on municipal governments to compile similar programs and set up bases to collect information about the effects of global warming.
The National Institute for Environmental Studies will be tasked with analyzing information necessary to craft measures to minimize global warming damage and providing technical support and advice to municipalities.