The following is the gist of the joint statement issued by Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez:
To celebrate the 150th anniversary of the establishment of bilateral diplomatic relations, the two countries have decided to upgrade their relationship to a “strategic partnership” in order to further develop this relationship.
North Korea issues
The two countries reconfirmed the need to fully implement the UN Security Council (UNSC) resolutions. They will be involved in achieving the complete, verifiable, and irreversible elimination of all weapons of mass destruction and ballistic missiles. They stressed the importance of resolving Japan’s abduction issue immediately.
Economic, personnel exchanges
Japan and Spain will promote free and open trade. They will fight against protectionism and all other unfair trade practices. They agreed on the need to reform the WTO. They welcomed the signing of the Japan-EU economic partnership agreement (EPA) and will cooperate for its early effectuation. They also welcomed the signing of a new bilateral tax convention and a revised aviation treaty.
Defense, security cooperation
The two countries pledged to strengthen security and defense cooperation. They are strongly opposed to unilateral actions to change the status quo by force. They confirmed their involvement in maintaining the maritime order based on rules and the peaceful settlement of maritime disputes in accordance with international law.