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Opinion poll & results for 2018 Survey of Public Opinion in Japan

Main Questions & Answers of the “2018 Survey of Public Opinion in Japan” conducted by Mainichi Shimbun and Saitama University

(Figures are percentages unless otherwise indicated.)

(T = total; P = previous; M = male; F = female)

 

Q: Do you support the Abe cabinet?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

31

(40)

35

28

No

42

(41)

44

41

Not interested

24

(18)

20

28

 

Q: Which political party do you support?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Liberal Democratic Party of Japan (LDP or Jiminto)

32

(35)

35

30

Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ or Rikken Minshuto)

7

(12)

9

5

Democratic Party for the People (DPFP or Kokumin Minshuto)

1

 

1

0

Komeito (Komeito)

2

(4)

2

3

Japanese Communist Party (JCP or Kyosanto)

3

(3)

4

3

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) (Nippon Ishin no Kai)

2

(3)

2

1

Party of Hope (Kibo no To)

0

 

0

0

Liberal Party (Jiyuto)

0

(0)

1

0

Social Democratic Party (SDP or Shaminto)

0

(1)

1

0

Other political groups

0

(0)

0

None of the above

50

(33)

43

55

 

The following two questions concern relations with the United States, China, South Korea, and Russia.

 

Q: How close do you feel toward each of these countries? (The below figures are average scores based on a scale where 1 is “do not feel close” and 5 is “feel close.”)

 

 

T

P

M

F

United States

3.2

(3.4)

3.4

3.1

China

1.9

(1.9)

1.9

1.9

South Korea

2.1

(2.1)

2.1

2.2

Russia

1.8

(1.8)

1.8

1.8

 

Q: How do you think Japan’s relationship with each of these countries will have changed ten years from now compared with the current relationship? (The below figures are average scores based on a scale where 1 is “greatly worsened” and 5 is “greatly improved.”)

 

 

T

P

M

F

United States

3.2

(3.3)

3.3

3.1

China

2.4

(2.3)

2.5

2.4

South Korea

2.5

(2.4)

2.4

2.5

Russia

2.4

(2.4)

2.4

2.4

 

Q: Do you have contact with foreigners in your daily life?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Frequent contact

7

 

8

6

Occasional contact

22

 

25

20

Not very much contact

34

 

34

34

No contact at all

36

 

33

39

 

Q: There were about 2.56 million foreign residents living in Japan in 2017, the most ever. Are you in favor of or opposed to having more foreign residents in the area where you live?

 

 

T

P

M

F

In favor

19

 

22

16

Opposed

24

 

26

22

Undecided

56

 

51

61

 

Q: Do you think Japan became easier for foreign residents to live in during the Heisei period [1989–present]?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

42

 

43

42

No

33

 

36

31

Not interested

19

 

18

21

 

Q: Are you in favor of or opposed to the Diet moving forward with debate on constitutional amendment?

 

 

T

P

M

F

In favor

46

 

53

41

Opposed

24

 

28

20

Don’t know

29

 

18

38

 

  • (Only for those who responded “in favor” to the previous question) What would you like to see the Diet debate focus on most? Select one from the seven below.

 

 

T

P

M

F

Designation of the emperor

5

 

4

6

Article 9 of the Constitution

38

 

45

30

Environmental rights and other new human rights

6

 

6

7

State-of-emergency clause

13

 

12

14

Vision for the upper and lower houses

16

 

15

17

Relationship between national and local governments

13

 

9

17

Other

3

 

3

3

 

Q: Are you satisfied with your current life?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Very satisfied

7

(4)

7

8

Somewhat satisfied

65

(61)

62

68

Not very satisfied

22

(29)

25

19

Not satisfied at all

5

(6)

5

4

 

Q: How happy are you currently?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Very happy

13

(9)

13

14

Somewhat happy

68

(67)

65

70

Not very happy

15

(20)

18

13

Not happy at all

3

(4)

3

2

 

Q: Do you think Japan will be an easier place to live ten years from now?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Yes

14

(9)

16

12

No

56

(60)

56

56

Don’t know

29

(29)

27

30

 

Q: Has the amount of money that your household spends in one month increased, decreased, or not changed from this time last year?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Increased

40

(39)

37

43

Decreased

20

(19)

21

19

Not changed

39

(41)

41

37

 

Q: Select from the below list what you are currently most concerned about.

 

 

T

P

M

F

Old age

38

(43)

37

39

Health of self and family

31

(22)

31

31

Finding and keeping a job

6

(5)

8

5

Childbirth and childrearing

4

(4)

3

4

Earthquakes and other natural disasters

14

(8)

13

15

Terrorism and war

2

(11)

2

2

Other

3

(3)

4

2

 

Q: If Japanese society today were divided into the following five classes, to which class do you think you would belong?

 

 

T

P

M

F

Upper class

1

(1)

2

0

Upper middle class

21

(18)

23

19

Lower middle class

37

(40)

37

39

Upper lower class

21

(22)

21

20

Lower lower class

7

(7)

7

6

Don’t know

13

(9)

10

16

 

(Note) Figures are rounded off. Averages are rounded off at the second decimal place. “0” indicates that the figure was below 0.5%, and “–” denotes that no respondents gave that answer. “No answer” omitted. In the case of questions where multiple responses are permitted, totals exceed 100%. Figures in parentheses denote the results of the “2017 Survey of Public Opinion in Japan,” which was conducted in 2017.

 

Polling methodology: The survey was conducted of 2,400 voters selected from the voters’ list of 240 locations nationwide on a stratified two-stage random sampling basis. The survey was conducted by postal mail. Although the survey was also conducted via the Internet in 2016 and 2017, the 2018 survey was not conducted by Internet. Notification postcards were sent by postal mail on Oct. 9, and questionnaires were sent by postal mail on Oct. 17. Responses were received through Dec. 10. Excluding responses by proxy, etc., valid responses were obtained from 1,274 people (53%). Starting from the 2018 survey, the category of “no answer” was added as a response option to the question of gender. By gender, 46% of respondents were men, 53% were women, and 1% indicated “no answer.” By age, 18- and 19-year-olds made up 2%; those in their 20s made up 8%; those in their 30s, 11%; those in their 40s, 17%; those in their 50s, 18%; those in their 60s, 18%; those in their 70s, 17%; those in their 80s, 7%; and those age 90 or over, 2%.

 

(Abridged)

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