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Jiji Press public opinion poll on passenger cars

  • February 21, 2019
  • , Jiji Press Public Opinion Poll Bulletin , [No. 1582] – pp. 1, 4, 5, 6)
  • JMH Translation

According to the Jiji Press public opinion poll on passenger cars, the percentage of people who have a car rose slightly from the previous poll conducted in November 2017. When those who indicated they do not have a car were asked if they would like to have one in the future, 14.3% said yes, down about 4.3 percentage points from the 2017 poll. When those who said they want to have a car in the future were asked what kind of car they wanted, 23.2% said an electric vehicle, down by 4.1 points from the previous poll but still the second most frequently given response. More than 30% of respondents living in Japan’s 21 major cities said they want to use car sharing. (Abridged)

 

Questions & answers (%)

This is the third Jiji Press public opinion poll on passenger cars. Figures in parentheses denote the results of the survey conducted on Nov. 10–13, 2017, (middle column) and the survey conducted on Nov. 8–11, 2013 (right column). All questions were asked of all respondents except for those questions indented and marked with a bullet, which are sub-questions.

 

Q: Do you have a family car at home. Do not include motorcycles or scooters in your answer.

 

 

2019

(2017)

(2013)

Yes

84.2

(82.1)

(82.1)

No

15.8

(17.9)

(17.8)

Don’t know

(0.1)

(0.1)

 

  • Q: (Only for those who answered “yes” to the first question) How many cars do you have?

 

 

2019

(2017)

(2013)

1 car

48.2

(47.4)

(52.5)

2 cars

34.5

(31.8)

(30.8)

3 or more cars

17.3

(20.6)

(16.6)

Don’t know

(0.2)

(0.1)

 

  • Q: (Only for those who answered “no” or “don’t know” to the first question) Do you want to have a car in the future?

 

 

2019

(2017)

(2013)

Yes

14.3

(18.6)

(28.8)

No

81.6

(76.1)

(67.7)

Can’t say wither way + Don’t know

4.1

(5.3)

(3.5)

 

  • Q: (Only for those who said they “have a car” or “would like to have one in the future” in the previous questions) If you have a car in the future, what size car do you think would be ideal? Select only one response from the below.

 

 

2019

(2017)

(2013)

Large or midsize (engine displacement of over 2,000 cc)

21.8

(21.8)

(22.3)

Small (engine displacement of from over 660 cc to 2,000 cc)

 40.4

(45.9)

(47.0)

Keijidosha (light car; engine displacement of 660 cc or less)

32.2

(28.7)

(27.3)

Other

0.1

(0.5)

(0.5)

Don’t know

5.5

(3.1)

(3.0)

 

  • Q: (Only for those who said they “have a car” or “would like to have one in the future” in the previous questions) If you have a car in the future, what kind of car do you think would be ideal? Select only one response from the below.

 

 

2019

(2017)

(2013)

Gasoline

18.3

(19.0)

(17.5)

Hybrid

46.4

(42.8)

(56.8)

Electric

23.2

(27.3)

(13.3)

Clean diesel

3.2

(3.6)

(5.1)

Fuel cell

2.6

(2.3)

(2.3)

Other

0.2

(0.2)

(0.4)

Don’t know

6.2

(4.7)

(4.7)

 

  • Q: (Only for those who said they “have a car” or “would like to have one in the future” in the previous questions) What will you place priority on when selecting a car? Select all responses that apply from the below.

 

 

2019

(2017)

(2013)

Price

67.3

(65.3)

(69.9)

Whether it is a new car or not

13.2

(10.2)

(13.1)

Safety features

52.8

(55.4)

(47.7)

Size of engine and performance

20.0

(18.5)

(22.8)

Taxes and maintenance costs

44.2

(40.1)

(50.9)

Eco-car tax breaks

19.0

(19.1)

(27.0)

Fuel efficiency and mileage

48.0

(47.3)

(50.5)

Environmental friendliness

28.6

(24.8)

(32.3)

Comfort of the seats

17.6

(13.8)

(18.3)

Size of interior

22.8

(22.4)

(25.2)

Passenger capacity

26.0

(23.4)

(28.4)

No. of doors and ease of getting in and out of vehicle

17.9

(15.6)

(16.4)

Design and exterior

23.0

(22.2)

(26.8)

Size of trunk space

17.5

(15.9)

(20.6)

Car navigation system, television, and other amenities

16.2

(14.5)

(15.7)

Brand and name of manufacturer

11.8

(12.5)

(13.8)

Interior

7.7

(5.4)

(10.4)

Other

0.3

(0.7)

(0.8)

Don’t know

4.1

(2.9)

(3.0)

 

Q: Recent years have seen the rise of car sharing, where each individual does not have a car but unrelated people rent the same car for a short period of time when they need one. Do you want to try car sharing? Select only one response from the below.

 

 

2019

(2017)

(2013)

I very much want to try car sharing

4.4

(4.8)

(6.2)

I want to try it

19.0

(18.7)

(16.1)

I don’t really want to try it

31.0

(28.7)

(25.2)

I don’t want to try it at all

41.3

(42.1)

(48.5)

Don’t know

4.4

(5.8)

(4.0)

 

Q: France and the United Kingdom decided this year to ban the sale of gasoline and diesel vehicles by 2040. China has worked out a plan to beef up the sale of electric vehicles. Do you think that electric vehicles will spread in Japan in the future?

 

 

2019

(2017)

 

Yes

69.6

(69.0)

 

No

17.3

(18.7)

 

Don’t know

13.1

(12.4)

 

 

  • Q: (Only for those who answered “yes” to the above question) Why do you think electric vehicles will spread? Select as many responses as you wish from the below.

 

 

2019

(2017)

 

Because environmental issues will become even more important

75.7

(75.4)

 

Because it looks like gasoline prices will skyrocket due to energy shortages

48.9

(42.5)

 

Because the infrastructure, including charging stations, will be developed

29.3

(27.3)

 

Because it will allow people to drive even in depopulated areas where there are few gas stations

16.6

(14.3)

 

Because I think the performance of batteries will improve going forward

37.4

(30.1)

 

Because battery prices are dropping

8.7

(6.7)

 

Because it looks like the electricity cost will be less than the fuel cost of a gas-powered car

26.4

(26.6)

 

Because EVs are comfortable due to low noise and vibration

31.6

(29.8)

 

Because they can be built more cheaply than conventional cars

5.7

(5.9)

 

Because they are more adaptable to future technologies, including self-driving

20.2

(14.7)

 

Because the world has turned toward the spread of electric vehicles

28.7

(25.4)

 

Other

0.2

(0.7)

 

Don’t know

0.3

(0.9)

 

 

  • Q: (Only for those who answered “no” to the earlier question) Why do you think electric vehicles won’t spread? Select as many responses as you wish from the below.

 

 

2019

(2017)

 

Because they can only travel short distances on one charge

34.0

(40.4)

 

Because charging takes time

43.3

(48.1)

 

Because the infrastructure is undeveloped, including charging stations

58.6

(65.1)

 

Because people do not have charging facilities at home

40.5

(44.7)

 

Because driving will become less interesting as it becomes standardized

8.4

(4.3)

 

Because EVs seem to be more expensive than gas-powered cars

34.4

(30.2)

 

Because there are maintenance costs, such as changing the battery

30.2

(27.2)

 

Because the electricity bill would likely be high

26.0

(21.7)

 

Because I am concerned about servicing

20.0

(20.4)

 

Other

1.9

(1.7)

 

Don’t know

3.3

(1.3)

 

 

Polling methodology:

 

2019: The survey was conducted over the four-day period of Jan. 11–14, 2019, through individual interviews. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis. Valid responses were received from 1,240 people for a valid response rate of 62.0%.

 

2017: The survey was conducted over the four-day period of Nov. 10–13, 2017, through individual interviews. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis. Valid responses were received from 1,260 people for a valid response rate of 63.0%.

 

2013: The survey was conducted over the four-day period of Nov. 8–11, 2013, through individual interviews. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled from among men and women, aged 20 and over, across the nation on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis. Valid responses were received from 1,266 people for a valid response rate of 63.3%.

 

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