Tokyo, May 5 (Jiji Press)–Japan’s education ministry has come up with reference documents for high school teachers guiding them on how to prevent addictions including to gambling.
The documents, which are in line with new school curriculum guidelines to be used from fiscal 2022, are intended to help better understanding among teachers by detailing factors that can cause addictions.
Under the curriculum guidelines, physical education classes will address prevention of and recovery from mental diseases.
The instruction manual for the guidelines cites addictions as one of mental diseases. It calls for teaching students that in addition to addictions to substances including alcohol and drugs, excessive participation in gambling and others is at risk of becoming addiction behavior and adversely affecting daily lives.
The reference documents say repeated use of drugs and other substances tend to increase the amount per use and the frequency of use, causing problems in health and life. Behavioral addicts, such as gambling addicts, cannot abandon their habitual practices on their own will, they warn.
With the help of illustrations, the documents explain the mechanisms of the brain, such as the secretion of dopamine exciting the central nervous system and causing pleasing sensation and euphoria.
They also stress the need for treatment of addictions at specialist medical institutions.
The creation of the reference documents was called for in the government’s basic policy on measures to address gambling addictions, which was adopted in April.
Later in the current fiscal year to March, the education ministry plans to draw up educational documents for children that correspond to their development stages, in an effort to provide better education, officials said.