print PRINT

POLITICS

Opinion poll & results from Nihon Yoron Chosakai Poll on the Constitution

  • October 13, 2019
  • , Tokyo Shimbun , p. 4
  • JMH Translation

Questions & answers (%)

 

Q1: How interested are you in the issue of the Constitution?

 

Interested

27.6

Somewhat interested

40.3

Not very interested

22.6

Not interested

8.7

Don’t know + No answer (D/K + N/A)

0.8

 

Q2: Do you think that the Constitution needs to be amended?

 

Yes

19.7

Generally yes

32.8

Generally no

24.2

No

17.0

D/K + N/A

6.3

 

Q3: (Only for those who answered “yes” or “generally yes” to Q2) What is the main reason for your answer? (843 respondents)

 

Because the articles and content of the Constitution are no longer suitable for the times

60.7

Because new rights and obligations need to be incorporated

23.7

Because the Constitution was imposed on Japan by the United States

6.4

Because the Constitution has never once been amended since its enactment

5.5

Because the Abe administration has expressed the desire to amend the Constitution

2.0

Other answers (O/A)

0.2

D/K + N/A

1.5

 

Q4: (Only for those who answered “yes” or “generally yes” to Q2) What parts of the Constitution do you think should be amended? Select up to three items from the list below. (843 respondents)

 

Preamble to the Constitution

7.8

Emperor system

18.9

Article 9 and the Self-Defense Forces (SDF)

50.2

International contribution

8.9

Basic human rights

17.9

Environmental rights

13.0

Right to know and protection of privacy

26.7

Stipulation that education is free

29.5

Cabinet and parliamentary systems

12.5

Elimination of “combined constituencies” in Upper House elections

6.0

Clarification of the government’s handling of requests for the convocation of an extraordinary Diet session

2.1

Creation of a state-of-emergency clause in case of emergency or major natural disaster

29.2

Restriction of right to dissolve the Lower House

3.2

Establishment of a constitutional court

2.6

Creation of a clause on fiscal discipline

2.7

“Doshusei” regional administrative system and decentralization of power

6.8

Conditions for proposing constitutional amendments

5.7

O/A

1.1

D/K + N/A

4.2

 

Q5: (Only for those who answered “no” or “generally no” to Q2) What is the main reason for your answer? (661 respondents)

 

Because Japan has maintained peace by renouncing war

41.3

Because there is a risk that amendment will lead to “military buildup”

18.8

Because there is a risk that amendment will lead to the restriction of basic human rights

4.5

Because there are other issues that should be given priority over constitutional amendment

15.3

Because there are no problems with the current Constitution

16.8

O/A

0.6

D/K + N/A

2.7

 

Q6: Do you think constitutional amendment was a focal issue in the Upper House election in July?

 

Yes 

18.6

No

72.6

D/K + N/A

8.8

 

Q7: Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has shown a strong desire to amend the Constitution. Are you in favor of or opposed to constitutional amendment under Prime Minister Abe?

 

In favor

39.8

Opposed

51.0

D/K + N/A

9.2

 

Q8: Article 9 of the Constitution stipulates that Japan renounces war and will never again maintain war potential. Do you think Article 9 needs to be amended?  

 

Yes

37.7

No

56.3

D/K + N/A

6.0

 

Q9: (Only for those who answered “yes” to Q8) If Article 9 were revised, what do you think should be given the greatest importance? (605 respondents)

 

Explicitly stating the existence of today’s SDF

48.0

Revising the statement that Japan will never again maintain war potential and explicitly describing the SDF as a military

19.7

Adding a provision that the SDF makes an international contribution

17.4

Adding provisions to limit the SDF’s activities overseas

12.9

O/A

0.3

D/K + N/A

1.7

 

Q10: Do you think there is a need to rush the Diet debate on constitutional amendment?

 

Yes

27.4

No

68.9

D/K + N/A

3.7

 

Note: In cases where multiple answers are permitted, the total exceeds 100%.

 

Polling methodology: A total of 3,000 men and women aged 18 or over were randomly selected nationwide from 250 locations on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis to create a cross-section of Japan’s slightly more than 100 million voters. The survey was implemented on Oct. 5–6, 2019, based on face-to-face interviews conducted by pollsters. Responses were received from 1,605 people, excluding those who could not be interviewed due to relocation or travel. The valid response rate was 53.5%. The makeup of the polling sample was as follows: male, 49.2%; female, 50.8%.

 

Sections of Fukushima Prefecture, which was impacted heavily by the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, were excluded from the survey pool.

 

Nihon Yoron Chosakai is a nationwide public opinion polling entity managed by Kyodo News and comprising 38 of its subscribers including the Tokyo Shimbun.

  • Ambassador
  • Ukraine
  • OPINION POLLS
  • COVID-19
  • Trending Japan