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Jiji Press Public Opinion Poll on the Great East Japan Earthquake

  • March 11, 2020
  • , Jiji Press Public Opinion Poll Bulletin , [No. 1620] – pp. 4–6
  • JMH Translation
  • ,

Questions & answers (%)

The Jiji Press Public Opinion Poll on the Great East Japan Earthquake has been conducted annually since February 2012. Figures in parentheses denote the results of the survey conducted in 2019 (middle column) and the survey conducted in 2018 (right column).

 

Q: It will soon be nine years since the Great East Japan Earthquake. How do you think the reconstruction in the stricken areas is progressing?

 

(1) How do you think reconstruction is progressing in the areas damaged by the earthquake and tsunami? Select only one response from the following.

 

2020

(2019)

(2018)

Reconstruction is progressing very well

1.9

(2.2)

(1.7)

Fairly well

46.1

(42.8)

(41.1)

Not very well

40.2

(43.8)

(46.3)

Not at all

3.2

(3.8)

(3.6)

Don’t know

8.7

(7.4)

(7.2)

Progressing (total)

48.0

(45.0)

(42.8)

Not progressing (total)

43.4

(47.6)

(50.0)

 

(2) How do you think reconstruction is progressing in the areas damaged by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident? Select only one response from the following.

 

2020

(2019)

(2018)

Reconstruction is progressing very well

0.4

(1.7)

(0.6)

Fairly well

17.4

(14.9)

(16.5)

Not very well

55.7

(56.8)

(57.2)

Not at all

15.2

(18.0)

(18.5)

Don’t know

11.2

(8.6)

(7.3)

Progressing (total)

17.8

(16.6)

(17.1)

Not progressing (total)

70.9

(74.8)

(75.7)

 

Q: Which measures to reconstruct from the damage wreaked by the earthquake and tsunami do you think are not progressing? Select all responses that apply from the following.

 

 

2020

(2019)

(2018)

Restoration of municipalities’ administrative functions

15.8

(16.9)

(17.3)

Housing reconstruction and disaster-resistant town development

37.7

(41.8)

(45.4)

Development of transport networks, ports, and other distribution infrastructure

17.3

(23.3)

(22.6)

Renewal of the agriculture, forestry, and fisheries industries

19.7

(22.4)

(23.6)

Renewal of the manufacturing, services, and tourism industries and trade

19.6

(23.1)

(20.6)

Development of employment opportunities

25.0

(33.7)

(34.3)

Rebuilding of public health, medical care, and welfare functions

13.3

(20.9)

(17.5)

Rebuilding of the education environment

8.7

(13.1)

(13.5)

Renewal and revitalization of communities

32.2

(39.7)

(40.3)

Review of disaster-mitigation plans

17.8

(21.0)

(20.4)

Securing of financial resources for reconstruction, building of systems to develop the resources, and constructing a framework for coordinating the resources

17.3

(23.5)

(21.8)

Other

1.3

(0.3)

(1.1)

Nothing in particular + Don’t know

17.9

(15.9)

(12.4)

 

Q: Which measures to reconstruct from damage wreaked by the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident do you think are not progressing? Select all responses that apply from the following.

 

 

2020

(2019)

(2018)

Compensation and reparations

30.7

(39.9)

(40.2)

Decontamination work

45.1

(47.9)

(47.0)

Livelihood support for evacuees, promotion of their return to their former places of residence, and review of evacuation zones

36.2

(41.4)

(43.7)

Health surveys of residents as well as health and medical care measures to protect them against radioactive substances

22.3

(31.6)

(31.0)

Disposal of debris and radioactive waste

45.7

(46.5)

(47.7)

Food safety measures

15.8

(21.0)

(17.1)

Disclosure of information on the causes of the accident as well as  countermeasures [to guard against future accidents]

25.1

(31.2)

(27.9)

Measures to address the leakage of radioactive water

44.0

(42.6)

(40.9)

Other

0.8

(0.1)

(0.6)

Nothing in particular + Don’t know

12.4

(11.9)

(9.9)

 

Q: What action would you like to take in light of the fact that Japan suffered an earthquake and nuclear power plant accident? Select all responses that apply from the following.

 

 

2020

(2019)

(2018)

Endeavor to obtain information from such sources as the television news, newspapers, and books

37.0

(43.8)

(37.9)

Improve the disaster-mitigation and seismic countermeasures I take at home

34.7

(39.0)

(40.3)

Actively participate in community and workplace disaster-mitigation drills

18.7

(19.4)

(18.4)

Create relationships with people in the community where I live [and agree that we will help each other at times of emergency]

31.7

(34.2)

(36.3)

Talk with my family about what actions we will take and how we will contact each other at times of emergency as well as the location of evacuation sites

42.6

(43.8)

(44.3)

Adopt an energy-saving lifestyle

24.0

(20.6)

(22.2)

Review how children, the elderly, persons with disabilities, and other vulnerable persons will be rescued in case of emergency

25.5

(27.5)

(30.2)

Provide as much support as possible for as long as possible, including volunteering and monetary donations

16.4

(20.8)

(19.3)

Not forget that the Great East Japan earthquake happened

46.8

(50.6)

(51.1)

Other

0.3

(0.2)

(0.2)

Nothing in particular + Don’t know

4.7

7.1

(4.2)

 

Q: In April 2017, the government lifted the evacuation order in Fukushima Prefecture that had been in place since the nuclear power accident, although areas designated as “difficult-to-return” zones, including all of Futaba and Okuma Towns and sections of five other municipalities that have a high radiation levels, were excluded. For such reasons as the lack of basic infrastructure, the return of residents has not progressed as intended. Do you think that the return of residents will progress as time passes? Select only one response from the following.

 

 

2020

(2019)

(2018)

Yes

1.8

(2.6)

(3.5)

Generally yes

18.8

(20.6)

(22.2)

Generally no

47.5

(47.1)

(48.1)

No

22.2

(22.2)

(20.3)

Don’t know

9.7

(7.5)

(5.9)

Yes (total)

20.6

(23.2)

(25.7)

No (total)

69.6

(69.3)

(68.4)

 

Polling methodology (February 2020): The survey was conducted over the four-day period of Feb. 6–9 through individual interviews. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis. Valid responses were received from 1,222 people for a valid response rate of 61.1%. Composition: men, 51.2%; women, 48.8%; age 18–29, 9.7%; 30–39, 13.4%; 40–49, 18.7%; 50–59, 16.7%; 60–69, 16.7%; age 70 and over, 24.7%.

 

Polling methodology (February 2019): The survey was conducted over the four-day period of Feb. 8–11 through individual interviews. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation. Valid responses were received from 1,221 people for a valid response rate of 61.1%. Composition: men, 50.9%; women, 49.1%; age 18–29, 9.2%; 30–39, 15.0%; 40–49, 18.9%; 50–59, 17.3%; 60–69, 16.7%; age 70 and over, 22.9%.

 

Polling methodology (February 2018): The survey was conducted over the four-day period of Feb. 9–12 through individual interviews. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis. Valid responses were received from 1,237 people for a valid response rate of 61.9%. Composition: men, 52.5%; women, 47.5%; age 18–29, 10.2%; 30–39, 14.5%; 40–49, 20.0%; 50–59, 16.2%; 60–69, 16.3%; age 70 and over, 22.9%.

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