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Questions & results from NHK public opinion poll on Japan and the U.S.

Questions & answers (%)

 

Q1: There will be a presidential election in the U.S. this year. How interested are you in the election? (Select only one.)

 

Very interested

20.2

Somewhat interested

53.5

Not very interested

21.3

Not interested at all

4.3

No answer

0.6

 

Q2: Do you think it would have a more negative or more positive impact on Japan if President Donald Trump were to be reelected in this year’s election? (Select only one.)

 

More positive than negative

10.3

More negative than positive

57.0

No particular impact

31.5

No answer

1.2

 

Q3: President Trump advocates an “America First policy,” which places highest priority on U.S. interests. Do you think this is good?

 

Yes

19.2

No

79.8

No answer

1.0

 

Q4: How do you think U.S. influence on the international community has changed since the Trump administration came into office? (Select only one.)

 

Strengthened

44.6

Weakened

24.8

Not changed

29.2

No answer

1.3

 

Q5: How would you assess Japan-U.S. ties today? (Select only one.)

 

Very good

2.7

Good

54.1

Not very good

39.1

Not good at all

3.0

No answer

1.1

 

Q6: What direction do you think Japan-U.S. ties will move in overall going forward? (Select only one.)

 

Positive direction

10.1

Not positive

24.4

No different from today

64.6

No answer

1.0

 

Q7: How would you describe the relationship between Japan and the United States today? (Select the one closest to your view.)

 

Japan and the United States are on an equal footing

6.4

The United States is in the dominant position

92.0

Japan is in the dominant position

0.4

No answer

1.3

 

Q8: Do you think America is a trustworthy and cooperative ally?

 

Yes

52.6

No

45.9

No answer

1.5

 

Q9: How do you think the alliance with the U.S. based on the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty should develop in the future? (Select only one.)

 

It should be further strengthened

18.2

It should be maintained as is

55.1

The level of cooperation should be lessened from the current level

21.9

It should be dissolved

3.3

No answer

1.5

 

Q10: President Trump is seeking to substantially increase Japan’s “sympathy budget” [omoiyari yosan], the amount Japan pays for U.S. troops to be stationed in Japan. How do you think the Japanese government should handle this? (Select only one.)

 

It is inevitable that the amount Japan pays will increase

17.0

The amount does not need to be increased

81.3

No answer

1.6

 

Q11: The Japan-U.S. Security Treaty stipulates America’s obligation to protect Japan and permits the U.S. military to use bases and facilities in Japan. What kinds of results do you think this treaty has produced? (Select one for each item.)

 

 

Agree

Generally agree

Generally disagree

Disagree

No

answer

It has ensured Japan’s security

20.6

54.6

16.5

5.2

3.1

It has played a part in America’s international strategy

26.4

54.8

12.5

2.9

3.4

It allowed Japan to keep down defense costs and as a result the Japanese economy has developed

9.5

25.3

42.6

19.1

3.4

The burden of the U.S. military bases in Japan has increased

28.8

48.3

15.3

4.6

3.1

It has contributed to peace in the Asia-Pacific region

13.4

46.1

29.0

8.1

3.5

 

Q12: Given the current international situation, how much risk do you think there is that Japan will be subject to terrorism or be attacked by another country? (Select only one.)

 

Great risk

16.4

Some risk

69.2

Not very much risk

12.5

No risk at all

0.6

No answer

1.3

 

Q13: Do you approve of revising Article 9 of the Constitution to clearly stipulate the existence of the Self-Defense Forces? (Select only one.)

 

Approve

18.9

Generally approve

27.7

Generally oppose

33.1

Oppose

18.0

No answer

2.3

 

Q14: Do you think Japan needs the “nuclear umbrella” of the United States for its security? In other words, does Japan need to depend on the deterrence of the United States? (Select the one closest to your view.)

 

Japan needs it now and in the future

38.5

Japan needs it now but will not need it in the future

25.2

Japan does not need it now but will in the future

8.7

Japan does not need it now or in the future

25.2

No answer

2.3

 

Q15: How hopeful are you that the denuclearization of North Korea will be advanced by the Trump administration? (Select only one.)

 

Very hopeful

10.4

Somewhat hopeful

23.4

Not very hopeful

44.5

Not hopeful at all

20.7

No answer

1.0

 

Q16: How dependable do you think the Trump administration is in terms of working toward the resolution of the North Korean abduction issue? (Select only one.)

 

Very dependable

1.3

Somewhat dependable

15.4

Not very dependable

52.3

Not dependable at all

30.2

No answer

1.0

 

Q17: The U.S. and China are engaged in a fierce struggle for hegemony in the fields of security and economy. Which country do you think Japan should place more value on, the U.S. or China? (Select the one closest to your view.)

 

The U.S.

34.4

China

2.8

Japan should place value on both nations

54.6

There is no need for Japan to place value on either nation

7.3

No answer

0.8

 

Q18: What amount of political influence would you like to see the United States exercise in the Asia-Pacific region going forward? (Select only one.)

 

The U.S. should exercise more influence than it does currently

23.1

The U.S. should exercise less influence

15.8

The U.S. should continue to exercise the same amount as it does now

59.5

No answer

1.5

 

Q19: Do you think the U.S. should play a leadership role in the international community?

 

Yes

62.6

No

36.1

No answer

1.2

 

Q20: To reduce the U.S. budget deficit, the Trump administration is placing tariffs on foreign products and is pressuring nations to make concessions in trade negotiations. Do you approve of this methodology?

 

Yes

10.3

No

88.6

No answer

1.1

 

Q21: The Trump administration unilaterally withdrew from the nuclear deal, under which the U.S. and the European Union removed economic sanctions on Iran in return for Iran’s substantial limitation of its nuclear development program. Do you approve of this U.S. Middle East policy? (Select only one.)

 

Strongly approve

1.3

Somewhat approve

19.8

Don’t approve very much

53.2

Don’t approve at all

23.8

No answer

1.9

 

Q22: The Trump administration has decided to withdraw from the Paris Agreement, an international framework that aims to reduce greenhouse gases through global warming countermeasures. Do you approve of this decision? (Select only one.)

 

Strongly approve

1.3

Somewhat approve

8.2

Don’t approve very much

35.0

Don’t approve at all

54.3

No answer

1.2

 

Q23: Have you ever visited the U.S.?

 

Yes

32.3

No

67.2

No answer

0.5

 

Q24: Do you have any American acquaintances or friends?

 

Yes

13.5

No

86.0

No answer

0.5

 

Q25: What are your impressions of the United States? (Select as many as apply.)

 

A nation where freedom and equality are guaranteed

20.1

A nation accepting of diverse values

49.5

An economic power

51.5

A nation that creates innovative technologies and services

26.2

A peaceful country

2.5

A nation that has outstanding culture and entertainment

21.1

A nation with much racial discrimination

55.3

A country with serious immigrant issues

38.4

A nation with large disparities

57.4

A nation with fierce competition

33.1

A military power

52.9

A nation that has serious problems with gun use and drugs

76.7

None of the above

0.9

No answer

0.8

 

Q26: Which post-World War II U.S. president do you view most highly? (Select as many as apply.)

 

Harry S. Truman (33rd president; 1945–1953)

0.4

Dwight D. Eisenhower (34th president; 1953–1961)

2.2

John F. Kennedy (35th president; 1961–1963)

16.7

Lyndon B. Johnson (36th president; 1963–1969)

0.3

Richard Nixon (37th president; 1969–1974)

1.0

Gerald Ford (38th president; 1974–1977)

0.0

Jimmy Carter (39th president; 1977–1981)

2.0

Ronald Reagan (40th president; 1981–1989)

10.8

George H. W. Bush (41st president; 1989–1993)

1.6

Bill Clinton (42nd president; 1993–2001)

3.5

George W. Bush (43rd president; 2001–2009)

1.6

Barack Obama (44th president; 2009–2017)

54.4

Donald Trump (45th president; 2017–)

1.6

No answer

3.9

 

Q27: How close do you feel to each of the following countries or regions? (Select one for each item.)

 

 

Very close

Somewhat close

Not very close

Not close

at all

No

answer

U.S.

12.9

59.1

19.5

6.4

2.0

China

1.6

20.0

44.2

31.4

2.7

South Korea

3.7

25.6

33.8

34.2

2.7

Russia

0.4

8.2

46.4

42.1

2.9

India

2.7

25.6

43.1

25.7

2.9

EU

5.1

40.8

34.0

16.6

3.5

 

Q28: Do you support the Abe cabinet?

 

Yes

45.7

No

51.7

No answer

2.6

 

Q29: Which political party do you support now? (Select only one.)

 

Liberal Democratic Party (LDP or Jiminto)

37.0

Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ or Rikken Minshuto)

7.9

Democratic Party for the People (DPFP or Kokumin Minshuto)

0.7

Komeito (Komeito)

4.4

Nippon Ishin (Japan Innovation Party) (Nippon Ishin no Kai)

2.9

Japanese Communist Party (JCP or Kyosanto)

2.5

Social Democratic Party (SDP or Shaminto)

0.9

Reiwa Shinsengumi (Reiwa Shinsengumi)

1.2

Party to Protect the People from NHK (NHK kara Kokumin wo Mamoru To)

0.5

Other political groups

0.0

I do not support any particular political party

41.3

No answer

0.6

 

Polling methodology: The mail-in survey was conducted on Feb. 13–March 23, 2020, of 3,600 Japanese men and women aged 18 or over nationwide selected from the basic registry of residents at 300 locations on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis, with 12 people selected from each location. Valid responses were received from 2,195 people for a valid response rate of 61.0%.

 

Breakdown of respondents: Male, 45.3%; female, 54.7%. Age 18–29, 9.4%; 30s, 10.0%; 40s, 14.9%; 50s, 16.5%; 60s, 18.7%; 70 and over, 30.4%.

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