On March 26, the Democratic Party for the People (DPFP) drafted a proposal in response to China’s enactment of the coast guard law, which states that the China Coast Guard may fire on foreign ships. The proposal makes nine requests of the Japanese government. The proposal centers on reinforcement of Self-Defense Forces (SDF) support of the Japan Coast Guard (JCG), which comes face to face with China Coast Guard vessels near the Senkaku Islands, and revision of the Self-Defense Forces Act to list patrol and surveillance activities as SDF core duties.
The proposal requests that the Self-Defense Forces Act be revised so that the SDF can provide transport and supply support to the JCG, enabling JCG officers to land on the Senkakus in the scenario that trained Chinese “fake fishermen” land on the islands. Activities such as intelligence collection, patrol, and surveillance by SDF patrol planes are currently based on the “survey and investigation” section of the Act to Establish the Ministry of Defense. The proposal calls for these items to be included in the Self-Defense Forces Act as a part of the SDF’s core duties. The proposal also calls for raising the awareness of the international community that China’s coast guard law is in violation of international law, enhancing JCG personnel, and improving JCG equipment.