The next House of Representatives election will likely be held in the fall. The ruling and opposition parties are rushing to select their candidates for single-member constituencies. The Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) wishes to fill vacancies in districts where LDP Diet members resigned from the Diet or from the LDP. Four opposition parties, including the Constitutional Democratic Party of Japan (CDPJ), have divided about 200 constituencies among them, as of June 18. The four opposition parties field a single candidate in about 160 districts where Nippon Ishin no Kai (Ishin) does not back candidates. This figure is about twice the number in the previous election.
There are 465 seats to be decided in the Lower House election, of which 289 are in single-candidate constituencies. According to Nikkei’s tally as of June 18, about 780 people are expected to announce their candidacies for single-candidate constituencies.
The LDP plans in principle to field candidates in all single-constituency districts except the nine districts in which the Komeito plans to back candidates.
The CDPJ, together with the Democratic Party for the People (DPFP) and the Social Democratic Party (SDP) and other parties, aims to field candidates for a majority of the Lower House seats (at least 233). The number of these parties’ candidates already exceeds this number. The CDPJ plans to team up with other parties to aim for regime change.
In the next Lower House election, there are about 200 districts where the four opposition parties, CDPJ, Japanese Communist Party (JCP), DPFP, and SDP, field a single candidate. Ishin plans to back 63 candidates in single-constituency districts. The four opposition parties field candidates in about 160 districts where there is no Ishin candidate.
This number is twice that of 2017, as of June 18. Additional candidates from Ishin as well as moves by Reiwa Shinsengumi and the Party to Protect People from Old Political Parties may affect the situation. The CDPJ is calling on the JCP to withdraw some candidacies to prevent a split in votes by those critical of the current administration. (Abridged)