Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida and U.S. President Joe Biden on Monday confirmed that their countries will enhance the deterrence and response capabilities of their alliance. At a meeting in Tokyo, the two leaders agreed that Tokyo and Washington will communicate closely to strengthen the United States’ extended deterrence including the nuclear umbrella. In a joint news conference after the meeting, Kishida said that Japan welcomes the U.S.-led International Indo-Pacific Economic Framework, or IPEF, planning to participate in it and provide cooperation. In the summit, Kishida and Biden agreed to strongly oppose any attempts to change the status quo by force in the East and South China seas. Confirming the significance of peace and stability in the Taiwan Strait, the two leaders also called for a peaceful solution to the Taiwan issue. Kishida told Biden of his resolve to strengthen Japan’s defense capabilities drastically and increase its defense spending substantially. They shared serious concerns over North Korea’s nuclear and missile development programs and affirmed the close coordination between Japan and the United States and among the two plus South Korea in dealing with the issue. On the economic front, Kishida and Biden agreed that their countries will launch a two-plus-two meeting of economic ministers in July. They also confirmed that Japan will host next year’s Group of Seven summit in Hiroshima, one of the two Japanese cities atomic bombed by the United States in the closing days of World War II. Biden expressed support for the idea of granting U.N. Security Council permanent membership to Japan.