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ECONOMY > Labor

2022 Jiji Press Public Opinion Poll on Labor

  • May 21, 2022
  • , Jiji Press Public Opinion Poll Bulletin , [No. 1699] – pp. 6–7
  • JMH Translation

Questions & answers (%)

Figures in parentheses denote the results of the surveys conducted in May 2021 (interview-based) (middle column) and in May–June 2020 (mail-in) (right column).

 

Q: A “designated skills” visa status has been created to allow foreigners to engage in unskilled labor in 14 industries that have a severe labor shortage, including nursing care, construction, agriculture, and fisheries. Are you in favor of or opposed to accepting more foreign workers in Japan? Select only one response from the below.

 

 

2022

(2021)

(2020)

In favor

43.2

(37.7)

(15.9)

Generally in favor

32.5

(34.1)

(50.8)

Generally opposed

8.8

(15.2)

(25.5)

Opposed

8.2

(8.0)

(6.8)

Don’t know (in the 2020 poll: “No answer”)

7.2

(5.0)

(1.0)

In favor (total)

75.8

(71.8)

(66.7)

Opposed (total)

17.0

(23.2)

(32.3)

 

  • Q: (Only for those who answered “in favor” or “generally in favor” to the foregoing question) Why are you in favor of accepting more foreign workers in Japan? (multiple responses permitted)

 

 

2022

(2021)

(2020)

Because it will resolve the labor shortage

81.1

(78.2)

(79.2)

Because some foreigners work harder than Japanese

41.2

(37.6)

(44.7)

Because Japan will become more international

33.6

(32.0)

(34.2)

Because young laborers are needed with the aging of Japanese society

57.7

(54.7)

(71.5)

Because I have many foreign friends

4.1

(2.1)

(1.0)

Because it will add dynamism to workplaces

10.4

(10.6)

(10.4)

Other 

1.3

(1.3)

(3.8)

Don’t know (in the 2020 poll: “No answer”)

0.3

(0.3)

(0.1)

 

  • Q: (Only for those who answered “opposed” or “generally opposed” to the foregoing question) Why are you opposed to accepting more foreign workers in Japan? (multiple responses permitted)

 

 

2022

(2021)

(2020)

Because there is a chance that more people will stay illegally in Japan and public safety will deteriorate

56.0

(66.4)

(73.1)

Because there is a chance that it will further strain Japan’s fiscal situation, including social security

18.7

(26.1)

(30.8)

Because it is uncertain whether foreigner workers will be able to adapt to Japanese society including the Japanese language

18.7

(21.4)

(25.1)

Because they may not follow the rules of the community

22.0

(33.2)

(37.2)

Because unemployed Japanese should be hired first

73.7

(62.0)

(75.2)

Because it is in effect an immigration policy

15.3

(13.2)

(16.3)

Other

2.9

(4.7)

(7.3)

Don’t know (in the 2020 poll: “No answer”)

2.9

(—)

(0.3)

 

Polling methodology (April 2022): The interview-based survey was conducted over the four-day period of April 8–11, 2022. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis. Valid responses were received from 1,226 people for a valid response rate of 61.3%. Composition: men, 52.6%; women, 47.4%; age 18–29, 10.7%; 30–39, 15.2%; 40–49, 15.7%; 50–59, 17.2%; 60–69, 14.1%; age 70 and over, 27.1%.

 

Polling methodology (April 2021): The survey was conducted over the four-day period of April 9–12 through individual interviews. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation. Valid responses were received from 1,272 people for a valid response rate of 63.6%. Composition: men, 51.7%; women, 48.3%; age 18–29,11.0%; 30–39, 16.1%; 40–49, 16.9%; 50–59, 15.1%; 60–69, 14.8%; age 70 and over, 26.1%.

 

Polling methodology (May-June 2020): The survey was conducted on May 21–June 1 via the postal service. For the survey, a total of 2,000 people were sampled on a stratified two-stage random-sampling basis from among men and women, aged 18 and over, across the nation. Valid responses were received from 1,025 people for a valid response rate of 51.3%. Composition: men, 47.7%; women, 52.3%; age 18–29, 9.0%; 30–39, 12.4%; 40–49, 16.2%; 50–59, 19.2%; 60–69, 19.8%; age 70 and over, 23.4%.

 

(Abridged)

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